New Media  Expo - Las Vegas - 2013

New Media Expo - Las Vegas - 2013

Rio All-Suite Hotel & Casino · Saturday, January 5, 2013 at 6:00 PM - Tuesday, January 8, 2013 at 3:00 AM (Timezone: America/Los_Angeles)

New Media Expo is the first and only industry-wide conference, tradeshow and media event dedicated to blogging, podcasting, social media, social networking, online video, music, Internet TV and radio. NMX conference attendees enjoy more than 120 cutting-edge educational sessions presented by leading bloggers, podcasters and content creators, while the New Media Expo provides the only industry-wide... [read more]
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    Russ Smith figured the best way he could honor Jack <b>Curran</b> on Thursday night was by leading Louisville to a win. Jada Golden stood in the waiting lounge at Union Station, explaining why Amtrak is a better way to travel than an airline.We<br> see horseback riding as a leisure -- not fitness -- activity.<br> So when we heard about an electronic equine by the name of Joba, purported to boost core strength via regular "riding," we <b>thought</b> the claims must <b>be</b> a load of, well, equine output. But <b>obligated</b> to patrol the barbed wire of the<br><img src=""><br> fitness frontier for you, our valued exercise pardners, we saddled up for a test ride. The European<br><img src=""><br> Commission said it had begun “market testing” intended<br><img src=""><br> to determine whether the proposed remedies address complaints that Google favors its own products in search results.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> U.S. stocks posted the biggest weekly decline in three months after American International Group <b>reported</b> a $61.7 billion loss, Warren Buffett said the economy is in "shambles" and General Electric <b>faced</b> increased <b>concerns</b> that it will be stripped of its top credit rating.<br> A day that began with optimism ended with the Yankees’<br><img src=""><br> Derek Jeter undergoing <b>an</b> M.R.I. and the Dodgers’ first-half sensation,<br><img src=""><br> Yasiel Puig, <b>left</b> out of the All-Star Game.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Inside Wylie Dufresne’s new, more casual place in the East Village.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Elderly viewers confused by increasing trend to use anglicised terms instead of their Japanese equivalentJapan's public broadcaster, NHK, is in a spot of toraburu with a disgruntled viewer who has filed a damages lawsuit against the company <b>for</b> the "mental distress" caused by its excessive use of words derived from English.Hoji Takahashi, who says he represents a <b>pressure</b> group that protects the <b>Japanese</b> language,<br><img src=""><br> is seeking 1.41 million yen (£9,300) in damages from NHK, reports said.In his suit filed <b>with</b> the Nagoya district court, Takahashi said the deluge of English words used in NHK's news and <b>entertainment</b> programmes had caused him emotional distress, and accused the broadcaster of ignoring its responsibility <b>to</b> use Japanese alternatives.Among the words he cited as particularly troublesome were kea (care), toraburu (trouble), risuku (risk) and<br><img src=""><br> shisutemu (system).<br> <b>He</b> also noted the frequent use of loan <b>words</b> in programme titles, such as BS Kosheruju (BS Concierge) and Sutajio Paaku Kara Konnichiwa <b>(Hello</b> from Studio Park).The<br> 71-year-old claims he and other elderly viewers had been left baffled by some <b>of</b> NHK's content. "I contacted NHK to inquire about this, but there was no response so I decided to take the<br><img src=""><br> matter to court," Kyodo News quoted him as saying. "I want the broadcaster to take into account elderly viewers like me when it is creating <b>shows."The</b> frequent use of words derived from English, plus a smaller number whose origins can be found in Portuguese, <b>Dutch</b> and other <b>languages,</b> is not confined to NHK.But Takahashi <b>said</b> that given<br><img src=""><br> its considerable reach and influence, the company had a responsibility to remain neutral and appeal to as many viewers as possible.NHK said it had yet to study the complaint and <b>declined</b> to comment.The<br> presence of <b>English</b> words in Japan has increased dramatically since the end of<br><img src=""><br> the second world war, when the country embraced American pop <a href = "">tinnitus </a> Japanese lexicon is littered with <b>borrowed</b> words. Most have been around for decades and are immediately understood by people of all ages:<br><img src=""><br> sarariiman (salaryman), terebi [television], pasokon <b>(personal</b> computer) and konbini (convenience store).English<br> is not the only foreign language <b>to</b> have influenced Japanese: tempura comes from Portuguese, while part-time work is known as arubaito, from the German <b>word</b> Arbeit."Personally, I <b>think</b> the lawsuit is ridiculous, but it does at least draw attention <b>to</b> a problem," said Makoto Yamazaki, an associate professor at the National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics."There<br> has been pressure on the Japanese government and media to rein in the use of loanwords since the early 2000s. <b>It's</b> OK for <b>people</b> <b>in</b> the same company or group to use, say, specialised words, but when they are picked up by the media it becomes <b>a</b> problem."Yamazaki noted the increasing use in Japanese of corporate and political buzzwords such as accountability, governance and compliance, which many people <b>above</b> a certain age find<br><img src=""><br> difficult to understand in <b>their</b> borrowed form."Politicians<br> are particularly fond of them," he said.<br> "It is possible to use alternative words in <b>Japanese,</b> but they think that by using the borrowed version they are offering something new and exciting."But<br> politicians and the media have a responsibility to <b>avoid</b> creating 'word minorities' among their audiences."JapanLanguageJustin<br><br> <b>&copy;</b> 2013 Guardian News <b>and</b> Media Limited or its affiliated companies.<br> All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Account assignments, executive appointments and<br><img src=""><br> miscellaneous news from advertising agencies. An artist in Southern California who runs his own branding and design consulting company happens to have a thing for restaurants. Ms. Smith was a British secretary whose memoir “Misadventures” was seen by<br><img src=""><br> <b>some</b> as an existential masterpiece of tedium.<br> The value<br><img src=""><br> <b>of</b> three short <b>workouts</b> vs. one long one, cuts back on discounts, how <b>aspirin</b> <b>might</b> stem cancer and other consumer-focused articles from The New York Times.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In choosing Russ Feingold, Secretary of State John Kerry moved to raise the profile of the Great Lakes region of Africa, which has been torn by conflict but overshadowed by other crises.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; KABUL - <b></b> The International Monetary Fund has recommended that Afghanistan's largest and most troubled bank be placed in receivership <b>and</b> then sold off to recover from reckless lending that brought it to the brink <b>of</b> collapse last year.<br><img src=""><br> Video: Lucy <b>Lindsey</b> and Melanie GonickIn <b>1973,</b> Media Lab associate professor Joe Paradiso was an undergraduate at <b>Tufts</b> University, and didn’t know anyone who had built an <b>analog</b> music synthesizer, or “synth,” from scratch. It was a time, he says, when information and parts for do-it-yourself projects were scarce, and digital synthesizer production was on the rise. But, he decided to tackle the project — without any formal training — and sought out advice from local college professors, including his <b>now-colleague</b> in the Media Lab, Barry Vercoe. Paradiso gathered information from manufacturers’ data sheets and <b>hobbyist</b> magazines he found in public libraries. He taught himself basic electronics, scrounged for parts from surplus stores and spent a <b>decade</b> and a half building modules and hacking consumer keyboards to <a href = "">panic away pdf </a> synth, which <b>he</b> completed in the 1980s. That synthesizer, probably the world’s largest with more than 125 modules, is now on display in the MIT Museum.<br> Every few weeks, Paradiso changes the complex configurations of wires connecting the synthesizer’s modules, called "patches,” to create a new sonic environment. The synthesizer <b>streams</b> live online 24 hours a day at <b>;<br></b> starting this week, visitors to the synthesizer’s website can even change the patch parameters online.<br> <b>Learn</b> more about Paradiso’s synthesizer Post Home Section staffers Jura Koncius and Terri Sapienza take questions on your decorating dilemmas and introduce you to design expert Eddie <b>Ross</b> of Bravo TV's 'Top Design.' House Republicans on Thursday released the details of legislation that would shutter mortgage finance giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and nearly eliminate the government’s role in backing the nation’s mortgage market. Read full article &#62;&#62;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>German</b> researchers have unveiled evidence suggesting that EU claims, according to which locally-produced rapeseed biodiesel&nbsp;cut back at least 38% of greenhouse gases (GHG) compared with <b>fossil</b> fuels, &nbsp;are unfounded. More <b>'</b> The N.F.L. will investigate the circumstances of a team interview at <b>the</b> scouting combine in which a player said he was asked, “Do <b>you</b> like girls?” Mr. Portman, a leading Republican senator, switched his views after his son informed him of his sexual orientation. Justin Harding <b>of</b> South Africa had an 8-under 64 on Wednesday to lead three players in a 36-hole qualifier who earned spots in the British Open for the first time.<br> If the cold days and long, dark nights of winter fill you with a primal urge to hibernate, rest assured you're not alone. Species in <b>virtually</b> every nook and cranny of <b>the</b> animal kingdom hunker down for the winter, each in its <b>own</b> manner. In 2004, a trio of researchers at Columbia University <b>began</b> an online experiment in social-media marketing, creating nine versions of a music-download site<br><img src=""><br> that presented the same group of unknown songs in different ways. The goal of the <b>experiment</b> was to gauge the effect of early peer recommendations on the songs’ success; <b>the</b> researchers found that different songs became hits on the different sites and that the variation was unpredictable.“It’s natural <b>to</b> believe that successful songs, movies, books and artists are somehow ‘better,’” one of the researchers wrote in The New York Times in 2007. “What our results suggest, however, is <b>that</b> because what people like depends on what they think other people like, what the market ‘wants’ at any point in time can depend very sensitively on its own history.” But for music fans who would like to think that talent is ultimately rewarded, the situation may not be as dire as the Columbia study makes it seem.<br> In a paper <b>published</b> in the online journal PLoS ONE, researchers from the MIT Media Laboratory’s Human Dynamics Lab<br><img src=""><br> revisit data from the original experiment and suggest that it contains a clear quantitative indicator of quality that’s consistent across all the<br><img src=""><br> sites; moreover, they find that<br><img src=""><br> the unpredictability of the experimental results may have as much to do with<br><img src=""><br> the way the test sites were organized as with social influence.<br> Numbers gameIn <b>their</b> <a href = "">coffee shop millionaire marketing </a> <b>“Sandy”</b> Pentland, the Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Science, his graduate students Coco <b>Krumme</b> — first author on the new paper <b>—</b> and Galen Pickard, and Manuel Cebrian, a former postdoc at the Media Lab, developed a mathematical model that, while simple, predicts the experimental results <b>with</b> high accuracy. They divide the decision to download<br><img src=""><br> a song into two stages: first, the decision to play a sample of the song, and second, the ensuing decision to download it or <b>not.</b> <b>They</b> found <b>that,</b> in fact, the percentage of customers who would download a <b>given</b> song after sampling it was <b>consistent</b> across sites. The difference in download totals was <b>due</b> entirely to the first stage, the decision to <b>sample</b> a song in the first place.And that decision, the researchers concluded, had only an indirect relationship to the songs’ popularity. In the original experiment, one of the sites was a <b>control,</b> while the other eight gave viewers information about the popularity of the songs, measured by total number of downloads.<br> But on those eight sites, the number of downloads also determined the order in which the songs were displayed.<br> The MIT researchers’ analysis <b>suggests</b> that song ordering may have had as much to do with the unpredictability across sites as the popularity information.“We’ve known forever that people are lazy, and they’ll pick the songs on the top,” Pentland says.<br> <b>“There’s</b> all this hype about new-age marketing and social-media marketing.<br> Actually, it comes down to just the stuff that they did in 1904 in a country store: They put certain things up front so you’d see them.”Quality,<br> not quantityIn their work, the MIT researchers interpret the likelihood that sampling a <b>song</b> will result in its being downloaded as a measure of quality. Since that measure was <b>consistent</b> across sites, using it, rather than <b>volume</b> of downloads, to order song listings would probably mitigate some of<br><img src=""><br> the<br><img src=""><br> <b>unpredictability</b> that the Columbia researchers found.Even<br> <b>on</b> sites where the number of downloads determines song <b>ordering,</b> <b>high-quality</b> songs will gradually creep up the rankings, <b>because,</b> by definition, they net more downloads per sample than low-quality songs do.<br> But “it does take a long time <b>for</b> the market to fully equilibrate,” Krumme says. “Precisely how <b>long</b> it would take for the highest-quality songs to rise to the top depends on the specifics of a particular market.”“The model that they propose does a good job of providing insight into<br><img src=""><br> what’s happening in the experiment,” <b>says</b> Matthew Sagalnik, an assistant professor in the Department<br><img src=""><br> of Sociology at Princeton University, who as a graduate student at Columbia was lead author on the original paper. “I think it’s neat that such a simple model is <b>able</b> to reproduce the results of the experiment with pretty high fidelity.”“I<br> think that their predictions about the long-run dynamics are interesting,” Sagalnik adds, “and I hope that they would be tested with additional experiments.”<br> Long before an earthquake killed 230,000 people and left 1 million homeless in Haiti, Cheryl D. Mills was riveted on our Caribbean neighbor <b>and</b> the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. As Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton's counselor and chief of staff, Mills's portfolio truly

    Tomas Kopecky, Shawn Matthias and Mike Santorelli scored for Florida and Jonathan Huberdeau<br><img src=""><br> converted a penalty shot in the Panthers' 4-1 victory over the Winnipeg Jets on Tuesday night. When Roger Day's evening music show was lost to a network replacement, former BBC listeners followed him to UnCool RadioThere was much consternation and little consultation when the BBC decided to get rid of the standalone evening schedules of its <b>local</b> radio stations across <b>England.</b> As part of its Delivering Quality First initiative, designed to save 20% in costs following the freezing of the licence fee, the corporation replaced the regional evening shows across all 39 stations with one new national network programme.<br> Many asked the question: if the BBC can't provide local radio then who can? It <b>turns</b> out that the internet could be the<br><img src=""><br> answer.When the schedule merger took place at the end of 2012, one of the casualties was the much valued and respected Roger Day music show, broadcast across several southern regions. Instead of going quietly, the former Radio Caroline DJ has remained true to his pirate roots and is leading a revolution in internet radio.UnCool Radio is free to air but funded by voluntary subscription and the former BBC listeners, disillusioned by the replacement network show, are voting with their wallets as<br><img src=""><br> well <b>as</b> their ears.<br> Day didn't just play oldies, it was an eclectic mix of the best new music as well, which is increasingly difficult to discover, especially new music produced by older <b>artists.</b> Sir Cliff Richard has lent his support, stating: "The only thing that's really 'cool' is success and I'm <b>wishing</b> <b>lots</b> of it."&nbsp;<br><br><img src=""><br> Status Quo have also expressed their interest in the venture. Dennis Locorriere, formerly of <b>Dr</b> Hook, said he understood the <b>basic</b> concept of playing artists that are underexposed but had reservations about the station's title. A second DJ, Allen Fleckney, has joined UnCool and now even <b>conventional</b> radio <b>stations</b> are considering buying its output.<br> Day has stated: "Radio needs a shakeup and it might as well start here!"The axing of Day's BBC show was purely financial rather than editorial. The networked replacement for Day's programme and other BBC local radio evening output, presented by Mark Forrest, had a sticky start, with the Observer's radio critic Miranda Sawyer described it as a "bore-fest".UnCool, backed by <b>subscription</b> funding, could<br><img src=""><br> have acted as an independent <b>producer</b> offering the Roger Day show back to the BBC at reduced rates. When asked if the BBC had missed <b>a</b> <b>PR</b> and financial opportunity in not responding to such listener democracy in action, David Holdsworth, BBC English regions controller, replied: "From <b>my</b> point of view the problem at the moment is however alternatives might be funded or contracted we have made a decision, approved by the <b>BBC</b> Trust, to run an all local radio <b>format</b> on weekday evenings.&nbsp;We will be reviewing the new programme eventually but for the moment I am afraid there isn't any manoeuvring room."Tamsin Vincent, co-founder of <b>listener</b> <b>feedback</b> website BBC Radio Forum, said shortly after the change over: "Our argument was that even if it was absolutely brilliant, it was still going to be a national show on local radio. People are not happy about it, it is not igniting any local spirit for me at all."The web offers radio huge opportunities, both internationally and at local level where local communities could set up their own stations. With ever increasing listening platforms and technological advances, these stations are becoming progressively more viable.These<br> could be funded by subscription, Lottery support or even a slice of the <b>BBC's</b> licence fee in the same way independent commercial stations tried to help underwrite their local news coverage. Meanwhile stations such as UnCool are likely to grow and gain in traction, becoming fully established in their own right and <b>attracting</b> worldwide audiences via the internet.Jon<br> Streatfeild is a former TV<br><img src=""><br> event producer and documentary researcherRadio<br><img src=""><br> industryInternetBBCJon &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this <b>content</b> is subject to our <b>Terms</b> & Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;In an effort to bring a more human dimension to the online-education experience, Department of<br><img src=""><br> Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Associate Professor Rob Miller<br><img src=""><br> <b>has</b> developed a new computer system that will help provide students with feedback on their homework assignments and create more interaction <b>between</b> students, <b>teachers</b> and alumni.Called Caesar, the system was developed by Miller, a principal investigator at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL), and two of his graduate students, <b>Mason</b> Tang and Elena Tatarchenko, to address the challenge<br><img src=""><br> of how to facilitate instructor feedback to the hundreds of students taking his introductory <b>computer</b> science <b>course</b><br><img src=""><br> each <b>semester.</b> Many of the students taking the course, “Elements of Software Construction” (MIT course 6.005), are new to the subject matter, <b>and</b> Miller thought they would benefit from more hands-on guidance. In particular, he wanted to find a way to critique the thousands of lines of code that his students write as <b>part</b> <b>of</b> each of their homework assignments.Miller’s<br> own research focuses on human-computer interaction and crowd computing — the process of distributing complex tasks to a group of people <b>over</b> the Internet, allowing them to tackle <b>smaller,</b> more specific portions of the overall task. Miller used this approach in developing Caesar, <b>devising</b> a system that allocates small <b>chunks</b> of code written by his students to a diverse group of computer <b>science</b> <b>students,</b> teaching assistants and 6.005<br> alumni, who then review the work.<br><img src="*3ufF*xQMlNshIXf1kKi54qTJI3*k7QtnaFZRqCs6e*oBgLs8*88DxJewJOGazGA0PljP2NXGoxK6XKBJ/excuseme.jpg"><br> Several reviewers are assigned to look at each student’s work, so every student receives feedback from a variety of sources.“What we are <b>trying</b> to do is to learn how to use a crowd of people with mixed expertise in an <b>intelligent</b> <b>way;</b> one that helps students and ‘the crowd’ expand their knowledge and improve on their expertise,” Miller says.The<br> <a href = "">coffee shop millionaire pdf </a> has three components: <b>the</b> code selector, the task router and the reviewing interface. Once students have <b>turned</b> in an assignment, the<br><img src=""><br> code selector divides their work into chunks and prioritizes the chunks that need review, based on features<br><img src=""><br> of the code that suggest<br><img src=""><br> it will need attention. The task router <b>then</b> assigns these <b>chunks</b> to a diverse group of reviewers.By<br> distributing the evaluation process across a large pool of <b>reviewers,</b> Miller hopes to provide students with useful feedback that will improve their work. At the same time, he hopes that this <b>type</b> of crowd-sourced code reviewing can serve as a new learning platform for students at MIT and elsewhere.The reviewing process itself takes no more than three days, a much shorter timeframe than traditional methods for giving feedback <b>on</b> student assignments. The quick speed with which the evaluation is completed allows students to receive feedback before they tackle their next assignment.The code-reviewing process also teaches students a skill that could<br><img src=""><br> serve them well down the road, as software companies need developers who can track down bugs and other glitches in code.Like Facebook and other social <b>networks,</b> Caesar provides opportunities for other kinds of interaction among its users. Reviewers can agree or disagree with fellow reviewers’ comments via <b>an</b> “upvote” or “downvote,”<br><img src=""><br> <b>a</b> process similar to the “like” feature on Facebook, and can also leave comments for both <b>students</b> and other reviewers.Miller<br> hopes that by linking students, alumni and TAs with different backgrounds and programming experience, he can increase learning opportunities <b>for</b> all parties.<br> “Every<br><img src=""><br> time you interact with a new person, it’s an opportunity to learn, whether it’s a student <b>demonstrating</b> a new technique to a TA, or an alum providing a student with a valuable piece of industry advice,” Miller says.Looking to the future, Miller believes that<br><img src=""><br> crowd-sourcing tools such as Caesar will become increasingly important to <b>the</b> success of online education. “Such systems are able <b>to</b> <b>draw</b> on a diverse <b>and</b> <b>multitalented</b> pool of individuals, and could potentially make the online classroom a more vibrant, interactive place,” Miller says.Caesar is already being adopted in other MIT programming courses, and <b>plans</b> are in <b>the</b> <b>works</b> to use it in edX, the online-learning initiative founded by Harvard University and MIT. Miller believes that the system could also be adapted beyond academia to industry and other fields.“Ultimately, I believe that crowdsourcing <b>is</b> going to develop hand-in-hand with automatic mechanisms for <b>making</b> online education work, because there are so many aspects of learning that require a human touch,” Miller says. The Philadelphia School District has already attracted at least one educational group to a Victorian-era complex being renovated in South Kensington.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; NASUWT and NUT plan regional walkouts in October followed by national strike in dispute over pay and pensionsTeachers are to stage a one-day national walkout in the autumn in an <b>ongoing</b> row over pay, pensions and workload.Every region in England and Wales will be <b>affected</b> by strikes in the first and third weeks of October, the NASUWT and the National <b>Union</b> of Teachers (NUT) said.<br> This will be followed by a national strike later in the term.The unions said there would <b>be</b> rolling strikes across <b>England</b> and Wales in the weeks beginning 30 September <b>and</b> 14 October. The two unions <b>staged</b> a regional walkout in the north-west last month.Chris Keates, <b>general</b> secretary of the NASUWT, said: "The secretary of state needs to take seriously <b>the</b> very deep concerns and anger <b>of</b> teachers and school leaders. [He] has the opportunity to avoid further national strike action by demonstrating that he is willing to engage seriously on the issues that <b>we</b> have put to him."Christine Blower, general secretary of the NUT, said: "Strike action is always a last resort for teachers and they are very well aware of the <b>difficulties</b> that this causes for parents and pupils. <b>Teachers,</b> however, have been left with no option. If we do not take a stand now to defend the profession, then the consequences for teacher recruitment and education will be disastrous for all."The education secretary, Michael Gove, wrote to <b>both</b> unions in March <b>saying</b> he was willing to meet them to discuss their dispute, but also insisting<br><img src=""><br> that the "direction of <b>travel"</b> on both of their key issues – pay and pensions – was fixed.Under the government's reforms, due to come into <b>effect</b> from this autumn, teachers' pay will be linked to performance in the classroom, with <b>schools</b> setting salaries rather than following a national framework. Changes have also been made <b>to</b> public sector pensions.A<br> Department for Education spokesman said: "We are very disappointed that the NUT and <b>NASUWT</b> have announced <b>they</b> will be taking further <b>strike</b> action, which less than a quarter of teachers actually voted for. <b>Industrial</b> action will disrupt pupils' education, hugely inconvenience parents and damage the profession's reputation in the eyes of the <b>public</b> at a time when our reforms are driving up standards across the country."It<br> is disappointing that<br><img src=""><br> the NUT and <b>NASUWT</b> <b>are</b> opposing measures to allow heads to pay good teachers more. We have met frequently with the NUT and NASUWT to discuss their concerns and will continue to do so."TeachingSchoolsTrade unionsEducation policyPublic sector payPublic sector &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.<br> All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our <b>Terms</b> &<br><img src=""><br> Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Yahoo Chairman Fred Amoroso is resigning effective <b>immediately,</b> the struggling Internet company <b>announced</b> on Thursday.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br><img src=""><br> Robot butlers that tidy your <b>house</b> or cook you a meal have long been the dream of <b>science-fiction</b> writers and artificial intelligence researchers alike.But<br><br><img src=""><br> if robots are ever going to move effectively around our constantly changing homes or workspaces performing such complex tasks, they will need to be more aware of their <b>own</b> limitations, according to researchers at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL). Most successful <b>robots</b> today tend <a href = "">panic away </a> <b>used</b> either in fixed, carefully controlled environments, such as manufacturing plants, or for performing fairly simple tasks such <b>as</b> vacuuming a room, says Leslie Pack Kaelbling, the Panasonic Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at MIT. Carrying out complicated sequences of actions in a cluttered, dynamic <b>environment</b> such as a home will require robots to be more aware of what they do not know, and therefore need to find out, Kaelbling says. That is because a robot <b>cannot</b> simply look around the kitchen and determine where all the containers are stored, for example, or what you would prefer <b>to</b> eat for dinner. To find these things out, it needs to open the cupboards and<br><img src="*3ufF*xQMlNshIXf1kKi54qTJI3*k7QtnaFZRqCs6e*oBgLs8*88DxJewJOGazGA0PljP2NXGoxK6XKBJ/excuseme.jpg"><br> look inside, or ask a question.“I<br> would like to make a robot that could go into <b>your</b> kitchen for the first time, having been in other <b>kitchens</b> before but not yours, and put the groceries away,” Kaelbling says.And<br> in a paper recently accepted for publication in the International Journal of Robotics <b>Research,</b> she and CSAIL colleague Tomas Lozano-Perez describe a system designed to do just that, by constantly calculating the robot’s level of uncertainty about a given task, such as the whereabouts of an object, or its own location <b>within</b> <b>the</b> room. Uncertainty principlesThe system is based on a module called the state estimation component, which calculates the probability of any given object being what or <b>where</b> the robot thinks it is. In this way, if the robot is not sufficiently certain that an object is the one it is looking for, because the probability of it being that object is too low, it knows it needs to gather more information before taking any action, Kaelbling says.So,<br> for example, if the robot were <b>trying</b> to pick up <b>a</b> box of cereal from a shelf, it might decide its uncertainty about the position of the object was too high to attempt grasping it.<br> Instead, it would first take a closer look at the object, in order to get a better idea of its exact <b>location,</b> Kaelbling says. “It’s thinking always<br><img src=""><br> about its own belief about the world, and how to change its belief, by taking actions that will either gather more information or change the state of the world.”The<br> system also simplifies the process of developing a strategy for performing a given task by making up its plan<br><img src=""><br> in stages as it goes along, using<br><img src=""><br> what the team calls hierarchical planning in <b>the</b> <b>now.“There</b> is this<br><img src=""><br> idea in AI that we’re very <b>worried</b> about having an optimal plan, so we’re going to compute very hard for a long time, to ensure we have a complete strategy formulated before we begin execution,” Kaelbling <b>says.</b><br><img src=""><br> But in many cases, particularly if the environment is new to the robot, it cannot know enough about the area to <b>make</b> such a detailed plan in advance, she says.Baby stepsSo instead the system makes a plan for the first stage of its task and begins executing this before it has come up with a strategy for the rest of the exercise. That means that instead of one <b>big</b> complicated strategy, which consumes a considerable <b>amount</b> of computing power and time, the robot can make many smaller plans as it goes <b>along.</b> The drawback to this process <b>is</b> that it can lead the <b>robot</b> into making silly mistakes, <b>such</b> as picking up a plate and moving it over to the table without realizing that it first needs to clear some room to put it down, Kaelbling says.But<br> such <b>small</b> mistakes may be a price worth paying for more capable robots, she says: “As we try <b>to</b> get <b>robots</b> to do bigger and more complicated<br><img src=""><br> things in more variable environments, we will have to settle for some amount of <b>suboptimality.” <br></b> In addition to household robots, the system could also be used to build more flexible industrial devices, or in disaster relief, Kaelbling<br><img src=""><br> says.Ronald<br> Parr, an associate professor of computer science at Duke University, says much existing work on robot planning tends to be fragmented into different groups working on particular, specialized problems.<br> In contrast, the work of Kaelbling and Lozano-Perez breaks down the walls that exist between these subgroups, and uses hierarchical planning to address the computational challenges that arise when attempting to develop a more general-purpose, problem-solving system. “What’s more, it is demonstrated on a practical, general-purpose robotic platform that could be used for domestic or factory work,” Parr says.<br> The Recipes for Health columnist Martha Rose Shulman suspects that dukkah, a Middle Eastern nut and spice <b>mix,</b> could be the next big thing.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The device doesn’t look like much: a<br><img src=""><br> caterpillar-sized assembly of metal rings and strips resembling something you might find buried in a home-workshop drawer. But the technology behind it, and the long-range possibilities it represents, are quite remarkable.The<br> little device is called a milli-motein — a name melding its millimeter-sized components and a motorized design inspired by proteins, which naturally fold themselves into incredibly complex shapes.<br> This minuscule robot may be a harbinger of future devices that could fold themselves up into almost<br><img src=""><br> any shape imaginable.The device was conceived by Neil Gershenfeld, head of MIT’s Center for Bits and Atoms, visiting scientist Ara Knaian and postdoctoral associate Kenneth Cheung, and is described in a paper presented recently at the 2012 Intelligent Robots and Systems conference.<br> Its <b>key</b> feature, Gershenfeld says: “It’s effectively a one-dimensional robot that can<br><img src=""><br> be made in a continuous strip, without conventionally moving parts, and then folded into arbitrary shapes.”To<br> build the world’s smallest <b>chain</b> robot, the team had to invent an entirely new kind of motor: not only small and strong, but also able to<br><img src=""><br> hold its position firmly even with power switched off. The researchers <b>met</b> these needs with a new system called an<br><img src=""><br> electropermanent motor.The motor is similar in principle to the giant electromagnets used in <a href = "">tinnitus miracle review </a> <b>lift</b> cars, in which a powerful permanent magnet (one that, like an ordinary bar magnet, requires no power) is paired with a weaker magnet (one whose magnetic <b>field</b> direction <b>can</b> be flipped by an electric current in a coil).<br><br><img src=""><br> The two magnets are designed so<br><img src=""><br> that their fields either add or cancel, depending on which way the switchable field points. Thus, the force of the powerful magnet can <b>be</b> turned off at will — such as to release a suspended car — without having to power an enormous electromagnet the whole time. For much of human history, the <b>moon</b> has been a <b>familiar,</b> yet remote, presence in the night sky. Only recently have humans been able to explore the lunar surface to look<br><img src=""><br> for clues to the moon’s early history — clues that may <b>reveal</b> a<br><img src=""><br> similar history for the Earth and other terrestrial <b>planets.</b> Since the <b>1950s,</b> more than 100 spacecraft have launched to the moon. Twelve astronauts have walked on its surface; 842 pounds of moon rocks and soil have been returned to Earth for meticulous analysis. <b>And</b> yet, much of the moon’s early history and origins remain <b>shrouded</b> <b>in</b> mystery.<br> According to Maria Zuber, the E.A. Griswold Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences and MIT’s vice president for research, “The <b>answer</b> must<br><img src=""><br> not be on the surface.”Instead, clues to the moon’s early evolution may lie deep in its interior.<br> Zuber is <b>uncovering</b> such clues through <b>data</b> obtained through NASA’s Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission — an ambitious undertaking conceived and helmed by Zuber.<br> As part of this mission, two nearly identical probes, named Ebb and Flow, orbited <b>the</b> moon for several months last year, mapping its <b>topography</b> and gravitational field with unprecedented detail.  Zuber shared results from the mission on Tuesday as <b>she</b> delivered <b>the</b> 41st annual Killian <b>Faculty</b> Achievement Award Lecture. The award, established in 1971 <b>in</b> honor of MIT’s 10th president, James R. Killian Jr., recognizes extraordinary professional accomplishments by MIT faculty. Candidates are nominated by their <b>peers</b> — an <b>honor</b> in itself, Zuber said, given the caliber of<br><img src=""><br> MIT’s faculty. “It’s impossible to overstate how humbled I am,” Zuber told a packed auditorium. <b>“When</b> I first came to MIT, I thought, ‘If I could just <b>be</b> average here, I would be world-class.’”<br> For more <b>information</b> about<br><img src=""><br> socially responsible investment options, investors can visit the following Web sites: There is a fascination with numbers when it comes to Tiger Woods, a product <b>of</b> him winning so much over so many years.<br> <b>Kurt</b> Thomas played through a <b>right</b> foot injury, helping the Knicks end a brutal four-game losing streak as they wrapped up <b>a</b> five-game western swing.<br> Time Warner Cable is discovering that there is more to a name change than just changing the name. Some <b>teams</b> might have waited for the legal process to play out, but the Patriots immediately cut Aaron Hernandez after his arrest on murder charges.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> It's Peace out for the Los Angeles Lakers.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; New version of the <b>classic</b> musical would see them in roles originated on screen by Frank Sinatra and Marlon <b>BrandoChanning</b> Tatum and Joseph <b>Gordon-Levitt</b> are being sought to take the lead roles in a new remake of Guys and <b>Dolls</b> <b>currently</b> being readied by 20th Century Fox.Studios<br> have been chasing the rights for years, but Jo Loesser, the widow of Guys and Dolls songwriter Frank Loesser, has been <b>reluctant</b> until now <b>to</b> give the go-ahead.<br> Adapted from Damon Runyon's short stories, Loesser<br><img src=""><br> wrote the music <b>and</b> lyrics for classic songs such as Luck Be A <b>Lady</b> Tonight and Sit Down, You're Rocking The Boat; the book was by Jo <b>Swerling</b> and Abe Burrows.Guys and Dolls had its Broadway premiere <b>in</b> 1950, and went on to become an Oscar-nominated film in 1955, famously starring Frank Sinatra (as gambler <b>Nathan</b> Detroit) and Marlon Brando.Both Tatum and Levitt showcased their ability to sing and dance at this year's<br><img src=""><br> Oscars: Tatum took to the floor with Charlize Theron and Gordon-Levitt performed Sinatra's High Hopes with host Seth MacFarlane and Daniel <b>Radcliffe.MusicalChanning<br></b> TatumJoseph Gordon-LevittUnited StatesMarlon <b>BrandoFrank</b> SinatraFilm adaptationsBroadwaySeth MacFarlaneDaniel <b>RadcliffeLauren</b> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.<br> <b>|</b> Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds The <b>toughest</b> test in women's golf would figure to be <b>a</b> piece of cake for <b>the</b> No. 1 player in the world.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>As</b> I've said <b>over</b> <b>and</b> over again, more money doesn't mean your money problems go away. Take the possible lockout of National Football League players, who are in <b>a</b> contract dispute with team owners. If there is a lockout, many players, <b>despite</b> hefty annual incomes, would struggle to pay their bills. The stock market has roared back to record-high <b>territory</b> — and the number of U.S.<br> millionaires is not far behind, according to a new report. The number of U.S.<br> households worth $1 million or more, excluding the value of <b>their</b> homes, surged to nearly 9 million in 2012. That is just below its pre-recession peak of 9.2 million, according to a report by the<br><img src=""><br> Spectrem Group, a Chicago-area financial consultant firm. Read full article &#62;&#62; It has been more than three <b>weeks</b> <b>between</b> league games for the Red Bulls — a time <b>in</b> which the club moved into a new training center and was supplanted in first <b>place.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</b> Mary Jo White has cleared an important hurdle on her path to becoming a top Wall Street regulator, as the Senate Banking Committee cast a 21-1 vote in her favor. Authorities have identified the man shot and killed by Prince George's County police Monday after he was allegedly threatening residents with a handgun in a Landover neighborhood. In Lucy Dodd’s show at No5A, “The <b>Studio</b> Before 54,” enormous canvases colored with dog urine and rust create infinite

    Pink Floyd's Roger Waters says a boycott of Israel similar to the one implemented against South Afri[...]<br> Bucks readers discuss their college decisions and whether cost is <b>playing</b> a role.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;As<br> the school food <b>plan</b> sets out to get more students eating well, headteacher Richard Dunne shares his key ingredients<br><img src=""><br> for transforming students' approach to foodWhen <b>I</b><br><img src=""><br> took over at <b>Ashley</b> Church <b>of</b> England Primary School, the food wasn't great.<br> It was <b>brought</b> in, pre-cooked by council caterers and dished up into plastic flight trays at a small serving <b>hatch.<br></b> It was uninspiring, and<br><img src=""><br> take-up <b>of</b> school dinners had sunk to 27% – way below the national average of 40%.As a school, we wanted food <b>to</b> be an integral part <b>of</b> our community and culture, not a functional activity that takes place at lunchtime and then is quickly forgotten.<br> <b>The</b> system we <b>inherited</b> simply wasn't good enough, so we <b>needed</b> to take action.But how could we go about it? To succeed and really turn it around I knew we couldn't simply tweak one element of it – it would have to be a 'whole school' approach, affecting <b>everything</b> from the canteen environment to the quality and provenance of the ingredients.This<br> caused a lot of upheaval and needed commitment from the whole school community to make it happen. For six months the children had to make do with packed lunches while a new kitchen was built so that the food could be cooked fresh on site.<br> After careful consultation, parents agreed to a rise of 10p (to £2.10) to fund local, seasonal fruit and veg and high welfare, organic meat. We involved the children in shaping every aspect of the lunchtime experience, down to choosing the right kind of knife and fork.Our 'whole school' food culture quickly took hold over almost every aspect of the lunchtime and beyond.<br> <b>The</b> <b>canteen</b> environment was carefully considered to make it feel as pleasant as <b>possible.</b> We wanted the children to come in and sit <b>at</b> tables <b>straight</b> away, not queue up and wait in long lines, and we created a family style setting with food served at the table, with proper plates, glasses and cutlery. Now, with the exception of our youngest, the children take a lead role in serving one another. They are becoming very responsible and great at portion control.To enjoy <b>good</b> quality, nutritious food, children need to really understand it, so we wanted to see how much food we could grow on site.<br> We now have extensive food growing areas with a strong focus on diversity.<br> As examples, we are currently growing 14 <b>varieties</b> of potato, we have a Surrey apple orchard and last autumn we planted <b>a</b> pear orchard with 21 varieties of pear.We're<br> proud of the quality <b>of</b> our seasonal ingredients and the food that we produce on-site so we asked the kitchen <b>team</b> to share food information each week with <b>the</b> children about interesting new ingredients they would be trying – asparagus one week and school-grown salad leaves the next.But<br> we also wanted our children to become fully-fledged experts, so each year group has an area of responsibility. Year 1 pupils learn about and plant wild flowers; year 2 keep bees; year 3 become experts in fruit trees and <b>local</b> varieties of fruit; year 4 look after the soft fruit; year 5 raise the salads; year 6 are in charge of the vegetables. And because the school kitchen uses the children's produce, they are always excited about eating it.We focused a lot on the child's experience, but it was crucial to get parents <b>involved</b> too, ensuring that what we do is accepted both inside school and<br><img src=""><br> beyond.<br> We now have regular lunches where parents can come in <b>and</b> enjoy a school meal with their children in the family service setting – these are very popular and a great way to help parents understand <b>and</b> <b>appreciate</b> what we're trying to achieve.Finally, we wanted the kitchen team to add extra value beyond the kitchen so <b>we</b> ask them to lead culinary workshops with the children each week, making them part of the teaching team and further building their relationship with children and staff.<br> As part of our interview process, the chef had to run a cookery session with a group of children.It's<br> been a long journey, but we now have a curriculum-wide approach to food in which children<br><img src=""><br> are <b>empowered</b> to manage their own lunchtimes and see food as another part of their learning experience. Take-up now stands at a much healthier 70% and we're<br><img src=""><br> a world away from the pre-packed uniformity we had when I first took over. Most importantly <b>though,</b> we have a more happy, fulfilled <b>and</b> healthy school, and <b>our</b> children are being given an education in good<br><img src=""><br> food that will keep them going throughout their adult<br><img src=",1210689189,1/stock-photo-lovely-coffee-12542989.jpg"><br> lives.Richard Dunne is headteacher at Ashley C of E Primary School in Surrey and a member of the School Food Plan Expert<br><img src=""><br> Panel.This content is brought to you by Guardian Professional. Looking<br><img src=""><br> for your next role? Take a look at Guardian jobs for schools for thousands of the latest teaching, leadership and support jobs.Teaching <b>tipsLeadershipGreen</b><br> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights <b>reserved.<br></b> | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Argentine midfielder Marcelo Gallardo is the highest-paid player in D.C. United history and has the third-largest salary in MLS this season.<br> Researchers from British Ecological Society find that shrinking sea ice is affecting polar bears' health <b>and</b> <b>breeding</b> successOne of the most southerly populations of polar bears now has only limited time to hunt on sea ice due to a warming climate, research <b>suggests.The</b> polar bears of Hudson Bay, Canada, migrate onto <b>land</b> in the summer when the sea ice melts, relying on fat reserves <b>to</b> survive until the sea<br><img src=""><br> refreezes in late November or early December. During the winter and spring months they take to the sea <b>ice</b> to hunt their prey of seals.But<br> the bears have been coming to land earlier and <a href = "">tinnitus </a> in recent years as<br><img src=""><br> a result of climate change reducing the ice, said researchers from the British Ecological Society in the Journal of Animal Ecology.Longer stretches without food were impacting the predators' health, breeding success and population, as for polar bears, "it's survival of the fattest", the researchers said.The <b>research</b> involved <b>monitoring</b> 109 female polar bears between 1991 and 1997 and between 2004 and 2009, using radio collars which cannot be fitted to male <b>bears</b> as their necks are wider than their heads and the devices would fall off.The<br> team, led by Dr Seth Cherry, of the University of Alberta, Canada, also monitored the position and concentration of sea ice using satellite images.The<br> migration patterns of the bears were governed by the conditions of the sea ice, and <b>climate-induced</b> changes to the rate and timing <b>of</b> sea ice melt and refreezing affected how long the bears <b>spent</b> on <b>land,</b> the <b>study</b> said.Tracking the bears revealed a trend of them arriving <b>onshore</b> earlier<br><img src=""><br> in <b>the</b> spring <b>and</b> departing<br><img src=",1210689189,1/stock-photo-lovely-coffee-12542989.jpg"><br> later in the <b>autumn.Previous<br></b> studies have shown that the western Hudson Bay polar bear population,<br><img src=""><br> recently estimated at about<br><img src=""><br> 900 animals, has declined since <b>the</b> 1990s, as <b>have</b> their body condition and the number of cubs surviving to adulthood.Cherry<br> said: "The data suggest that in recent years, polar bears are arriving on shore earlier in <b>the</b> summer and leaving later in the autumn."These<br> are precisely the kind of changes one would expect to see as a result of a warming climate and may help explain some other studies that are showing declines in body condition <b>and</b> <b>cub</b> production."The longer the bears spend on land, the longer they have<br><img src=""><br> to go without their energy-rich seal food, with <b>consequent</b> <b>impacts</b> on their health and survival."Climate-induced changes that cause sea ice to melt earlier, form later, or both, likely affect the overall health of polar bears in the<br><img src=""><br> area."Polar regionsAnimal behaviourBiologyAnimalsEndangered speciesWildlifeConservationEndangered <b>&copy;</b> 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds TOKYO -- Japan's central bank pumped billions more into the financial system Tuesday to quell <b>fears</b> that the country's banks could be overwhelmed<br><img src=""><br> by the impact of the massive earthquake<br><img src=""><br> and tsunami.<br> Stocks slumped as a nuclear crisis escalated. Ms.<br> Craig and Sweden’s <b>Prince</b> Bertil were unable to marry for decades because she was a commoner. But when the rules changed, <b>wed</b> they did.<br> This show fruitfully if inconclusively reconsiders painters who did <b>not</b> fit into then fashionable categories.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>Google</b> and the iPhone are American inventions.<br> But the first mass-produced gas-electric hybrid car was made in Japan. A Caribbean dish of jerk chicken, served with coconut rice and peas, is enough to conjure up the dream of a sunny Jamaican day.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> After they re-signed <b>defenseman</b> Ryan McDonagh, the Rangers will now try to negotiate with forwards Derek Stepan and Carl <b>Hagelin.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br></b> Over the past few decades, scientists have developed many devices that can reopen clogged arteries, including angioplasty balloons and metallic stents. While generally effective, each of these treatments has drawbacks, including the risk of side effects.A new study from MIT analyzes the potential usefulness of a new treatment that combines the benefits of angioplasty balloons and drug-releasing <b>stents,</b> but <b>may</b> pose fewer risks. With this new approach, a balloon <b>is</b> inflated in the artery for only a brief period, during which it releases a drug that prevents cells from accumulating and clogging the arteries over<br><img src=""><br> time.<br> While approved for limited use in Europe, these drug-coated balloons are still in development in the <b>United</b> States and have not received FDA approval. The MIT <b>study,</b> which models the behavior of the balloons, should help scientists optimize their<br><img src=""><br> performance and aid regulators in evaluating their effectiveness and safety.<br> “Until <b>now,</b> people who evaluate such technology could not distinguish hype from promise,” says Elazer Edelman, the Thomas D. and <b>Virginia</b> W. Cabot Professor of Health <b>Sciences</b> and Technology <b>and</b> senior author of the paper describing the study, <b>which</b> appeared online recently in the journal Circulation.Lead<br> author of the paper is Vijaya Kolachalama, a <b>former</b> MIT postdoc who is now a principal member of the technical staff at the Charles Stark <b>Draper</b> Laboratory.Evolution<br><img src=""><br> of technologyUntil <b>the</b> late 1970s, the standard treatment for patients with blocked arteries near the heart was bypass surgery.<br> Doctors then turned to the much less invasive process of reopening arteries with angioplasty balloons. Angioplasty quickly became the standard treatment for narrowed arteries, but it is not <b>always</b> a long-term solution because the arteries can eventually collapse again.To<br> prevent that, scientists developed stents — metal, cage-like structures that can hold an artery open indefinitely. However, these stents <b>have</b> problems of their own: When implanted, they provoke an immune response that can cause cells to accumulate near the stent and clog the artery again. In 2003, the FDA approved the first drug-eluting stent for use in the United States, which releases drugs that prevent cells from clumping in the arteries.<br> Drug-eluting <b>stents</b> are now the primary choice for treating <b>blocked</b> arteries, but they also have side effects: The drugs can cause blood to clot over time, which has led <b>to</b> death in some patients.<br> <b>Patients</b> who receive these stents now need to take other medications, such <b>as</b><br><img src=""><br> aspirin and Plavix, to counteract blood clotting.Edelman’s lab is investigating a possible alternative to the current treatments: drug-coated balloons. “We’re trying <b>to</b> understand how and when this therapy could work and identify the conditions in which it may not,” Kolachalama says. “It has its merits; it has some disadvantages.”Modeling drug releaseThe drug-coated balloons are delivered by a catheter and inflated at the narrowed artery for about 30 seconds, sometimes longer. During that time, the balloon coating, containing a drug <b>such</b> as Zotarolimus, is released from the balloon. The properties of the coating allow the drug to be absorbed in the body’s tissues. Once the drug is <b>released,</b> the balloon is <b>removed.In</b> their new study, Kolachalama, Edelman and colleagues set out to rigorously characterize the properties <a href = "">coffee shop millionaire </a> drug-coated balloons. After performing experiments in tissue grown in the lab and in pigs, they developed a computer <b>model</b> that <b>explains</b> the dynamics of drug release and distribution.<br> They found that factors such as the size of the balloon, the duration of<br><img src=""><br> delivery time, and the composition of the drug coating all influence how long the drug stays at the injury site and how effectively it clears the arteries.One<br> significant finding is that when the drug <b>is</b> released, some of it sticks to the lining of the blood vessels.<br> Over time, that <b>drug</b> is slowly <b>released</b> back into the tissue, <b>which</b> <b>explains</b> why the drug’s effects last <b>much</b> longer than <b>the</b> initial 30-second release period.“This is the first time we can explain the reasons why drug-coated balloons can work,” Kolachalama says. “The study also offers areas where people can consider thinking about optimizing drug transfer and delivery.”Most previous efforts to develop drug-coated balloons have focused on a <b>different</b> drug, Paclitaxel. “For the first time, this <b>study</b> establishes a basis for drug-coated balloons based on Zotarolimus to work,” says Juan Granada, executive director of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation Skirball Research Center, who was not <b>part</b> of the research team.<br> “It explains <b>in</b> <b>a</b> <b>very</b> elegant way the important <b>implications</b> for technology development based on these findings.”In future studies, Edelman, <b>Kolachalama</b> and colleagues plan to further examine how blood flow affects drug delivery.<br> They also plan to study a variety of different drugs and drug coating compositions, as well as how the balloons behave in different types of arteries.<br> The National <b>Institutes</b> of Health and Abbott Vascular funded the research.<br> 'friends are very important.<br> I give this book 10/10'A little girl called Hannah moves with her family from Manchester to London because her grandpa is ill. When she starts school she sits next to <b>a</b> girl called <b>Louise</b> and they make <b>friends</b> but Louise already had<br><img src=""><br> a best friend, Gemma, who doesn't like the new girl. Hannah is sad because she hasn't got any friends in her new school but one day her <b>parents</b> take her to Battersea Dogs and Cats Home and there she falls in love with a <b>little,</b> fluffy puppy called Huey.At school she draws a picture of her puppy <b>and</b> Louise draws a picture of a birthday cake.<br> The whole class is invited to Gemma's <b>party</b> except for Hannah. Hannah comes with Huey to the party and Gemma is very cross but when Huey gives a slobbery kiss, Gemma starts to giggle and then she starts to be nice to Hannah and everybody makes friends.I liked <b>this</b> book because in the end Gemma is kind and Hannah is happy.I know what it feels<br><img src=""><br> to be <b>in</b> a new school and not to have any friends because friends are very important. I give this book 10/10.Want to tell the world about a book<br><img src=""><br> you've read? Join the site and send us your review!Friendship (children and teens)Children's books: 8-12 yearsChildren and &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Josh Winn is the Class of 1942 Career Development Associate Professor of Physics at MIT Photo: M. Scott Brauer swfobject.embedSWF("",<br> "flashcontent", "560", "560", "9.0.0", false, flashvars, params, attributes); The British banking giant is making <b>progress</b> in shrinking its consumer loan portfolio in the United States, which has been a drag on its earnings.<br> Gaby Sanchez <b>homered</b> and drove in three runs, and Garrett Jones hit a go-ahead, two-run double to <b>lead</b> the Pittsburgh Pirates to a 6-4 comeback victory over the struggling Philadelphia Phillies.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The last time <b>the</b> court allowed such access was a year ago, when <b>it</b> heard three days of arguments over the constitutionality of President Obama’s health care law.<br> UN's call to end violence against women would lead <b>to</b> disintegration of Muslim society, says Egypt's ruling partyEgypt's Muslim Brotherhood<br><img src="*y1iGbKgUwJtN4T/101waystosayILOVEU.jpg"><br> have claimed that a UN declaration calling for an end to violence against women will lead to the "complete disintegration of society".Delegates<br> at the UN's Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in New York have spent the last fortnight debating the wording <b>of</b> a declaration that would condemn violence against women.<br> The brotherhood, whose close allies control Egypt's parliament and presidency, slated the declaration in an online statement on Thursday – calling <b>it</b> a decadent and destructive document that undermined Islamic ethics <b>by</b> calling for women to work, travel and use contraception without their husbands' permission.In a 10-point memorandum, the brotherhood also criticised the declaration for granting women sexual freedom, allowing Muslim women to marry non-Muslims, granting equal rights to homosexual people, and allowing wives full <b>legal</b> rights to take their husbands to court for marital<br><img src=""><br> rape."This<br> declaration, if ratified, would lead to complete disintegration of society, and would certainly be the final step in the intellectual and cultural invasion of Muslim countries, <b>eliminating</b> <b>the</b> moral specificity that helps preserve cohesion of Islamic societies," the brotherhood 's statement claimed.The<br> remarks drew a furious response inside Egypt. <b>Soad</b> Shalaby, a spokesperson for <b>Egypt's</b> National Council for Women, <b>said:</b> "How would this declaration lead to a disintegration of society? On the <b>contrary,</b> it will lead to <b>women's</b> integration within society."Shalaby said it was disingenuous to use <b>Islam</b> to justify the erosion of women's rights. "It is only a misinterpretation of Islam that creates these kinds of <b>statements,"</b> she said. "It goes without saying that<br><img src=""><br> Islam never encourages violence against women. On the contrary, <b>it</b> gives them rights." She said she thought the brotherhood's outburst was not a fair reflection of the <b>views</b> of many within the Muslim <b>Sisterhood,</b> the brotherhood's <b>female</b> division <b>–</b> let alone the <b>Middle</b> East."We're asking them to stop using religion and culture to undermine negotiations and<br><img src=""><br> to justify violence against women," said <b>Lynn</b> Darwish, a<br><img src=""><br> spokesperson for the Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies, who is attending the conference in New York.The brotherhood's statement is <a href = "">panic attack treatment </a> to have <b>divided</b> Egypt's delegation at the Commission on the Status of Women, which contains both conservative and liberal <b>members.</b> "On the whole, they have been quiet because of internal <b>divisions</b> within the delegation," said Darwish.The<br> brotherhood is not the only group to have voiced objections to the UN charter, which has been the subject of bitter debate. Countries such as the Vatican, Pakistan, Iran, Syria and Russia have led <b>the</b> conservative response.A<br> spokesman for Mohamed Morsi, Egypt's Islamist president who comes from the political wing of the Muslim <b>Brotherhood,</b> attempted to distance himself <b>from</b> the brotherhood's statement, saying he was no longer a member of the organisation. But in an interview with the New York Times, Pakinam al-Sharkawy also appeared to side with some of the brotherhood's <b>arguments,</b> claiming that marital rape was a western rather than Egyptian problem.Darwish<br> said her remarks showed the Egyptian government was still failing to take women's rights seriously. "This denial that these issues are not ours will make the situation worse," she said. "We need Egyptians to realise that these are not foreign issues."Women<br> <b>rights</b> are the subject of an continuing national debate in <b>Egypt:</b> at least 25 women were sexually assaulted in Tahrir Square during recent protests – in what some campaigners claim is a systematic attempt to <b>stop</b> <b>women</b> from protesting.But the problem<br><img src=""><br> goes far beyond Tahrir <b>Square.According</b> to a 2008 survey by the <b>Egyptian</b> <b>Center</b> for Women's Rights, 83% of Egyptian women have been sexually<br><img src="*y1iGbKgUwJtN4T/101waystosayILOVEU.jpg"><br> harassed in their lifetime – while the assault of street children goes widely unreported. Female genital mutilation was banned in 2008, but according to some surveys, up to <b>90%</b> of Egyptian women may have <b>been</b> subjected to the practice.The<br> fall of Hosni Mubarak two years ago was supposed to <b>be</b> a turning point for women's rights<br><img src=""><br> – but for <b>many</b> campaigners, Egypt has <b>since</b> regressed.<br> The <b>country's</b> new constitution <b>does</b> not safeguard the <b>rights</b> of women, while<br><img src=""><br> a quota for women in parliament has been rescinded, meaning that just 2% <b>of</b> MPs elected in 2012 were <b>female</b> – down from 12% in 2010."There<br> is a trend <b>that</b> limits the <b>role</b> of women," said <b>Shalaby.</b> "They are trying to make us lose whatever gains we got from the revolution."EgyptUnited<br> NationsWomenMiddle East and North AfricaAfricaPatrick &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.<br> All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds Reactions in the official Chinese media to Australia’s <b>new</b> defense White Paper on China, which is more conciliatory than a previous one, were low-key, if apparently approving.<br> Reactions from ordinary Chinese, expressed online, were mixed but still often critical. The MIT Sea Grant College Program has announced that <b>nominations</b> are now <b>open</b> for the Doherty Professorship in Ocean Utilization. All non-tenured MIT faculty members from any Institute department are eligible.<br> Department heads may <b>submit</b> one nomination every year. The<br><img src=""><br> deadline <b>for</b> nominations is Nov.<br> 16. The person appointed to the chair will receive $25,000 per year for two years, beginning <b>July</b> 1, 2012.Endowed<br> by the Henry L.<br> and Grace Doherty Charitable Foundation, the two-year chair opens the way for promising, non-tenured professors to undertake marine-related research that will further innovative uses of the ocean's resources.<br> There are no restrictions on the area of research, and any aspect of marine <b>use</b> and/or management may be addressed, whether social, political, environmental, <b>economic</b> or technical.Final<br> selection will be made by a committee that includes the vice president and dean for research, <b>the</b> dean of engineering, the dean <b>of</b> science, the chairman of the Sea Grant Committee and the director of the MIT Sea Grant College Program, following review and recommendations from the <b>Sea</b> Grant Faculty Committee.<br> The vice president for research will appoint the new Doherty Professor in January 2012.<br> While serving as the Doherty Assistant or Associate Professor of Ocean Utilization, <b>the</b> incumbent cannot hold another MIT-funded chair.In<br> 2011, the award went to<br><img src=""><br> Kripa Varanasi, Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, <b>for</b> his work titled, "Nanoengineered Surfaces for Hydrate Mitigation in Subsea Oil and Gas Operations." Varanasi will conduct fundamental research on emulsions under subsea conditions.<br> Currently, very <b>little</b> <b>is</b> known — for example, the physicochemical and environmental effects of the demulsifiers used to <b>break</b><br><img src=""><br> down oil in the<br><img src=""><br> Macondo oil well blowout are unknown.Anyone wishing to be <b>nominated</b> should contact his or her department head. For nomination procedures and selection criteria, consult the website,<br><img src=""><br> or contact Kathy de Zengotita, Room E38-330, 617-253-7042, Architecture professor Meejin Yoon and her partner, Eric Höweler, have won the Audi Urban Futures 2012 Award — a €100,000 prize ($132,142) — for their proposal to create a new kind of transportation platform in the Boston to Washington corridor.<br> The award was judged and presented as part of the Istanbul Design Biennial 2012.Höweler+Yoon Architecture was one of five architectural <b>offices</b> asked to <b>develop</b> a vision on <b>future</b> urban mobility for the competition, each focused on the metropolitan region they call home. For the region they <b>nicknamed</b> BosWash,<br><img src=""><br> Höweler and <b>Yoon</b> imagined a "Shareway" that would merge all forms of transport into a single artery, piggy-backing a new bundled high-speed rail infrastructural system on the existing interstate. All modes of transport — commuter and freight trains, cars, bikes and pedestrians — would coexist on <b>a</b> multi-level track that follows the 450-mile route and connect to a ‘Superhub’ in Newark with an airport, seaport, <b>rail</b> station and interstate intersection, along with parking and storage.<br> The proposal also includes house-sharing programs and a proposal to convert vacant Baltimore land into agricultural fields.Read more A congressional auditor said Thursday that the Joint Strike Fighter, the Pentagon's most expensive weapons program, "continues to struggle with increased costs and slowed progress," leading to "substantial risk" that the defense contractor will not be able to build the jet on time or deliver as many...<br> President Obama lauded Latin America's democracies in a <b>speech</b> here on Monday, casting them as example for countries around the world.<br> Next, he heads to El

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    Dennis Lehane’s latest book won the best novel prize given by the Mystery Writers of America, beating out Gillian Flynn’s big seller “Gone Girl.”&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> One <b>reason</b> this process interests materials scientists is that most biochemical materials, such as shells or bones, form extremely slowly. But clotting takes place rapidly — so these <b>insights</b> could lead to solid structural <b>materials</b> that can form quickly.The<br> flow-induced clumping, the team <b>writes</b> in its report, is “a completely<br><img src=""><br> <b>new</b> aggregation <b>paradigm.”</b> Alexander-Katz says that this process “seems to be a transition [from one chemical state to another] that hasn’t been studied <b>before,”</b> as well as a <b>universal</b> behavior that depends primarily on the shapes of polymers<br><img src=""><br> and particles.What’s more, the process is reversible: When the flow rate slows down, the plugs disaggregate anew.<br> <b>By</b> selecting different polymer building blocks, it’s <b>possible</b> to “tune” the material to clump up at any specific flow-rate, he says.“I<br> think we can start making all kinds of different aggregates that depend on flow conditions,” Alexander-Katz says. There may be a number of <b>possible</b> applications for inks, pigments and <b>coatings,</b> he suggests, or <b>for</b> devices such as self-healing tires.<br> “There are so many processes where you have flows,” he <b>says.Evan</b> Sadler, a professor of medicine and of biochemistry and molecular biophysics at Washington University in St. Louis, says, “I find it fascinating that a <b>relatively</b> simple <b>model</b> may <b>account</b> for the behavior of platelets and<br><img src=""><br> von Willebrand factor in flowing blood.” He adds that all animals have this factor, and all have platelets, but the sizes of platelets and the rates of blood flow vary greatly. <b>This</b> work, he says, “may help us to understand how the binding <b>characteristics</b> of vWF and platelets have been <b>tuned</b> by evolution to maintain normal <b>hemostatic</b> function across such a large range <b>of</b> conditions.”In addition to MIT, the team included researchers from Boston <b>University;</b> the University<br><img src=""><br> of Augsburg and Heidelberg Ruprecht-Karls University, in Germany; and Baxter Innovations, of Vienna. <b>It</b> was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation and the German Research Foundation.Why<br> <b>some</b> people <b>struggle</b> more <b>than</b> <b>others</b> to <b>shed</b> pounds is a mystery that perplexes scientists <b>and</b> frustrates dieters, who are often blamed for lack of willpower. The couple work in <b>New</b> York, the bride as director of communications for the Thrillist<br><img src=""><br> Media Group, and the groom as vice president for investments at NorthStar <b>Realty</b> Finance.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> A central dilemma for the government is how <b>to</b> reconcile the voracious, concern-driven appetite for news of Nelson Mandela’s health with the deep <b>sensitivities</b> of South Africans for whom <b>he</b> is much more than a simple leader.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> <b>Lawmakers</b> <b>passed</b> expanded background checks for private and online firearm purchases, an initiative that Gov. John Hickenlooper called for during <b>his</b> State of the State address. Paul Olden, the team’s public-address announcer since <b>2009,</b> says he has “free rein pretty much to change <b>stuff</b> the way I <b>would</b> say it.”&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> Phallic fossil worms shed light on vertebrate evolution Scientists have detected evidence of unreported prescription drug side effects before they were found by the Food and Drug <b>Administration’s</b> warning system. By analyzing Mercury’s rocky surface, scientists have been able<br><img src=""><br> to partially <b>reconstruct</b> the planet’s history over billions <b>of</b> years. Now, drawing upon the chemical composition <b>of</b> <b>rock</b> features on the planet’s surface, scientists at MIT <b>have</b> proposed that Mercury may have harbored a large, roiling ocean of magma very early in its history, shortly after its formation <b>about</b> 4.5<br> billion years ago. The scientists analyzed data<br><img src=""><br> gathered <b>by</b> MESSENGER (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging), a NASA probe that has orbited the planet since March 2011.<br> Later that year, a group of scientists analyzed X-ray fluorescence data from the probe, and <b>identified</b> two distinct compositions of rocks on the planet’s surface. The <b>discovery</b> unearthed a planetary puzzle: What geological processes could have given rise to such distinct surface compositions? To answer that question, the MIT team used the compositional data to recreate the two rock types<br><img src=""><br> in the lab, and subjected<br><img src=""><br> each synthetic rock to high <b>temperatures</b> and pressures to simulate various geological processes. From their experiments, the scientists came up with only one phenomenon to explain the two compositions: a vast magma ocean <b>that</b> <b>created</b> two different layers of crystals, solidified, then eventually remelted <b>into</b> magma that then erupted onto Mercury’s surface.<br> “The thing that’s really amazing on Mercury <b>is,</b> this didn’t happen yesterday,” says Timothy Grove, a professor of geology at MIT.<br> “The crust is probably more than 4 billion years old, so this magma ocean is a really ancient feature.”Grove, along with postdoc Bernard Charlier and Maria Zuber, the E.A.<br> Griswold Professor of Geophysics and Planetary Science and now MIT’s vice president for research, published the results in the journal <b>Earth</b> and Planetary<br><img src=""><br> Science Letters.Making Mercury’s rocksMESSENGER entered Mercury’s orbit during a <b>period</b> of intense solar-flare activity; as the solar system’s innermost planet, Mercury <b>takes</b> the brunt <b>of</b> the sun’s rays.<br> The rocks on its surface reflect an intense fluorescent spectrum that scientists <b>can</b> measure with X-ray spectrometers to determine the chemical composition of surface <b>materials.<br></b> As the spacecraft orbited the planet, an onboard X-ray spectrometer measured the X-ray radiation generated by Mercury’s surface. In September 2011, the MESSENGER science team parsed these energy spectra into peaks, with each peak signifying a certain chemical element in the rocks. From this research, the <b>group</b> identified two main rock types on Mercury’s surface.<br> Grove, Charlier and Zuber<br><img src=""><br> set out<br><img src=""><br> to find an explanation for the differences <b>in</b> rock <b>compositions.<br></b> The <b>team</b> translated the chemical element ratios into the corresponding building blocks that make up rocks, such <b>as</b> magnesium oxide, silicon dioxide and aluminum oxide.<br> <b>The</b> <b>researchers</b> then consulted what Grove refers to as a “pantry of oxides” — finely powdered chemicals — to recreate the rocks in the lab.“We just mix these together in the right proportions and we’ve got a synthetic copy of what’s <b>on</b> the surface of Mercury,” Grove says.<br> Crystals in the meltThe researchers then melted the samples of <b>synthetic</b> rock in a furnace, cranking the heat up and down to simulate geological processes that would cause crystals — and eventually rocks — to form in the melt.<br> <b>“You</b> can tell what would<br><img src=""><br> happen as the melt cools and crystals form and change the chemical composition of the remaining melted rock,” Grove says.<br> “The leftover melt changes composition.” <br> After cooling the samples, the researchers picked out tiny crystals and melt pockets for analysis.<br> The scientists initially looked for scenarios in which both original rock compositions <b>might</b> be related.<br> For example, both rock types may <b>have</b> come from one region: One rock may have crystallized more than <b>the</b> other, creating distinct but related compositions. But Grove found <b>the</b><br><img src=""><br> two compositions were <b>too</b> different to have originated from the same <b>region,</b> and instead may <b>have</b> come from two separate regions within the planet. The easiest explanation for what created these distinct regions, Grove says, is a large magma ocean, which over time likely formed different compositions of crystals as it solidified.<br> This molten ocean eventually<br><img src=""><br> remelted, spewing lava onto the surface of the planet in <b>massive</b> volcanic eruptions.<br> Grove<br><img src=""><br> estimates that this magma ocean likely existed very early in Mercury’s existence — possibly within the first 1 million to 10 <b>million</b> years — and may have been created from the violent processes that formed the planet.<br> As the <a href = "">tinnitus </a> condensed, bits and pieces collided into larger chunks to form tiny, and then larger, planets.<br> That process of colliding and accreting may <b>produce</b> <b>enough</b> energy to completely melt the planet — a scenario that would make an early magma ocean very feasible.<br> “The acquisition of data by spacecraft must be combined with laboratory experiments,” Charlier says.<br> “Although these data are valuable by themselves, experimental studies on these compositions enable scientists to reach the next level<br><img src=""><br> in the interpretation of planetary evolution.”Larry<br> Nittler, a staff scientist in the <b>Department</b> of Terrestrial Magnetism <b>at</b> the Carnegie Institution of Washington, led the research team that originally identified the two rock compositions from MESSENGER data.<br> He says the MIT team’s experimental results propose a very likely early history for Mercury.<br> “We’re gradually filling in more blanks, and the <b>story</b> may well change, but this work sets up a framework for thinking about new data,” says Nittler, who was not involved in the study.<br> “It’s a very important first step toward going from exciting data to real understanding.”This research was supported by a NASA cosmochemistry grant, a Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship, and the NASA MESSENGER <b>mission.<br></b> SAN GABRIEL, Calif.<br> -- Authorities have shut down an upscale, two-story house after discovering a makeshift maternity clinic crammed with 10 newborns and a dozen Chinese women who paid as much as $35,000 to travel to Southern California to give birth to children who would automatically be U.S.... Q.<br> DEAR TIM: What can I <b>do</b> to <b>lower</b> the cost of heating my home? The cost of fuel is going up faster <b>that</b> I can pay the bills.<br> What are you going to do this winter in your home to <b>lower</b> your cost? Areas so far protected from austerity to be targeted after 2015George Osborne will pledge to introduce even deeper spending cuts after the next general election by imposing a new cap on parts of the welfare budget and <b>other</b> areas which have so far been immune from the coalition's austerity plans.As the chancellor served notice that Britain faces a longer-than-expected recovery, after the Office for Budget Responsibility halved its growth forecast for this year, a senior <b>Treasury</b> source said Osborne would promise to target so called "annually managed expenditure" (AME) in the <b>next</b> parliament.This<br> accounts for about <b>50%</b> of government spending – covering many areas <b>of</b> welfare, debt <b>interest</b> and EU contributions – and has largely not been targeted during the current round of spending cuts.<br> The chancellor has instead focused the cuts on the other area of government spending – the so-called departmental expenditure limits (DEL) which cover the day-to-day running of Whitehall.The announcement by the Treasury in the traditional post-budget briefing came after the chancellor said he had delivered a "budget for our aspiration nation" that would boost economic growth and help families struggling with the cost of living.Osborne,<br> who struggled with a sore throat during his 55-minute statement, delivered bad economic news – the growth forecast for 2013 has been halved from 1.2% to 0.6% – but some surprises <b>for</b> what he called "hard-working families" and employers. He said he would:• Offer guarantees<br><img src=""><br> to support £130bn worth of mortgages for three years from 2014.<br><br><img src=",xcitefun-lovely-birds-5.jpg"><br> It is expected that this will help 75,000 homeowners. The government will introduce a £3.5bn <b>scheme</b> to offer a five-year interest-free loan worth up to 20% of the value of a new-build home worth no more than £600,000.<br> <b>This</b> will help 190,000 people a year.• Introduce a new employment allowance which will mean employers will not have to pay the first £2,000 of employer national insurance contributions.• Scrap the beer duty escalator and cut beer duty by <b>1p.<br></b> He also announced he would scrap an increase in fuel duty, due in September.A Treasury source said the chancellor would outline a "forward-looking limit on AME spending" in his spending review on 26 June that <b>is</b> due to cover 2015-16.<br> The source said: "The UK stands out internationally <b>because</b> only half of public spending is subject to tight controls. The IMF and others think that is quite a low percentage <b>for</b> an advanced economy. Others have much higher percentages."So we are going to set out how we are going to set out <b>an</b> overall cap on <b>that</b> AME spending. That will evolve in the future once that is <b>up</b> and running. If AME spending is running ahead of forecasts, tough decisions on things like welfare [will have to be made] in <b>order</b> to stay within that cap.<br> So it is part of applying more consistent ongoing controls for welfare and the rest of <b>the</b> AME budget."Osborne rounded on Labour as he confirmed that the government would raise the tax-free personal allowance – the first Liberal Democrat manifesto pledge – to £10,000 next year, a year earlier than originally planned.Ed Miliband condemned <b>Osborne</b> as a "downgraded chancellor" <b>as</b> he mocked him on the day that<br><img src=""><br> he launched an official Twitter account. "All he has to offer is just a more-of-the-same budget. Today the chancellor joined Twitter. He could have got it all <b>into</b> 140 characters: Growth down, borrowing up, families hit, and millionaires<br><img src=""><br> laughing all the way<br><img src=""><br> to the bank.<br> Hashtag downgraded chancellor."Osborne<br> made clear that his sights <b>remained</b> firmly fixed on the spending round in June when the Treasury announces the new focus on welfare spending.<br> The Treasury source said the IMF and other international bodies recommended that 70-80% of government spending should be subject to "strict controls".<br> Britain only does this on 50% of<br><img src=""><br> spending.The<br> source said the "automatic fiscal stabilisers", which make up the gap between falling tax receipts and rising welfare<br><img src=""><br> bills during a downturn, would remain in place. The <b>changes</b> would target "the structural growth in welfare spending" such as the increase in incapacity benefit in recent decades.The<br> source <b>said:</b> "What has happened in the past is that particular benefits <b>have</b> turned out to be more expensive than initially thought.<br> Something went structurally wrong with incapacity benefit."Eventually<br> we are dealing with incapacity benefit and we have <b>replaced</b> it with employment support grants. That took a very long time to happen. One of the things this system might do is pick up that structural increase and say this is a problem, you are going to<br><img src=""><br> breach your spending cap and force governments to take earlier action to deal with structural changes in things like welfare <b>spending."The</b> announcement came as the OBR confirmed that it has halved its growth forecast for 2013 from 1.2%, forecast <b>last</b> December, <b>to</b> 0.6%.<br> But it has revised upwards its forecast for growth last year.The chancellor hailed the government's success in tackling the fiscal deficit, which he has <b>now</b> cut by one third.<br><img src=""><br> Robert Chote,<br><img src=""><br> the <b>chairman</b> of the OBR, said the deficit had fallen <b>from</b> £160bn in 2009-10 to £120bn in 2011-12 as a result of the spending cuts. But Chote said he <b>expected</b> the deficit to remain at around <b>£120bn</b> until it starts dropping <b>in</b> 2014-15 onwards. The <b>deficit</b> will fall as a share of national income but more slowly than expected, <b>he</b> said.Chote said the chancellor was on course to meet his fiscal mandate for the cyclically adjusted current budget in balance or surplus five years ahead which,<br><img src=""><br> in this budget, means 2017-18. "Our central forecast shows the cyclically adjusted current budget in surplus by 0.8%<br> of GDP in 2017-18 which means that <a href = "">panic away pdf </a> the government does have a better <b>than</b> 50% chance of meeting the mandate on current policy," he <b>said.<br></b> Osborne had originally suggested he would meet this target by the time of the 2015 <b>election.But<br></b> Chote said <b>Osborne</b> would miss <b>his</b> "supplementary target" of seeing debt falling as a share of<br><img src=""><br> GDP by 2015-16.<br> "We now expect it [public sector net debt] to rise <b>for</b> a further year <b>[from</b> 2015-16] peaking at 85.6% of GDP in 2016-17 rather than at 79.9% in <b>2015-16</b> as we said in December."The<br> chancellor suffered a blow minutes before he stood up when the London Evening Standard tweeted a picture of its front page which contained key details of the budget.<br> <b>A</b> member of <b>staff</b> was suspended for tweeting the front page in breach of a Treasury embargo.Budget<br> 2013Tax and <b>spendingGeorge</b> OsborneBudgetJill TreanorNicholas &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or<br><img src="*0RMsNFnDVQyEQS1d3saH8JfSRh07HQ7esWLFNKh/Barney.jpg"><br> its affiliated companies. All rights reserved. | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds The Pentagon is beefing up West Coast missile <b>defenses</b> in <b>response</b> <b>to</b> escalating threats of <b>attack</b><br><img src=""><br> from nuclear-equipped North <b>Korea,</b> Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced Friday.<br> The move counters North Korea’s threat of an unprovoked nuclear attack <b>on</b> the United States, even though the administration says the Stalinist regime is still years away from having the capacity to launch such an assault on the continental United <b>States.</b> North Korea has made significant improvements in its long-range missile technology, and has successfully launched a missile test in space, making the additional protection a prudent precaution, Hagel said. Read full article &#62;&#62; Does working out twice as long result in twice the benefits? The Phys Ed columnist Gretchen <b>Reynolds</b> answers readers’ questions.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Syria’s civil war entangled the peacekeeping operation in the disputed Golan Heights area on Wednesday, when <b>30</b> armed fighters for the insurgency detained a group of 20 peacekeepers.<br> By Richard Valdmanis and Phil Wahba&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Senate Republicans blocked a nominee Wednesday to the second-highest federal court in the nation, filibustering her with claims of judicial activism, as Democrats accused the GOP of a politically motivated effort to halt the career of a potential Supreme <b>Court</b> justice. Read full article &#62;&#62; Click here to <b>have</b> the Fiver sent to your inbox every weekday at 5pm, or if your usual copy has stopped arrivingIT COULD HAVE <b>BEEN</b> WORSEThere are some people who say Big Cup has ruined football, stripping the sport of<br><img src=""><br> its soul and turning it into an uncompetitive chore in which only the richest clubs can dream of glory.<br> Well <b>just</b> you try telling<br><img src=""><br> that to Leonardo, sporting director of Beckham Saint-Germain, who was so swept up by the emotion <b>of</b> spending <b>a</b> morning in Nyon that he proposed live on air to his girlfriend,<br><img src=""><br> Anna Billò, straight after the draw for the last eight.<br> "Do you want to marry me?" he asked the bewildered Sky Italia presenter. "You have to answer me now. I'm waiting for your answer. It's not that difficult." At first Billò was flustered, telling the Brazilian smoothball that they'd talk about it at home but after much persistence, eventually she seemed<br><img src=""><br> to relent.<br> "OK," she said. Ah, the romance of Big Cup is alive and well!It was just a shame that<br><img src=""><br> Leonardo didn't <b>conduct</b> every interview in this manner, because next <b>up</b> was a cosy chat with Sky Sports News's Bryan Swanson about the draw, which<br><img src=""><br> pitched BSG into a daunting tie with Barcelona in a repeat of the 1997 Tin Pot Winners' Pot final.<br> Remember that one, Uefa? Unfortunately Zlatan Ibrahimovic is suspended for<br><img src=""><br> the first leg and won't be around for another reunion with his former club, although that's not the main news. The main news is that David <b>Beckham</b> is in <b>the</b> quarter-finals <b>of</b> Big Cup.<br> Have <b>that,</b> Europe, with your pitying glances and attempts to make us feel included by letting <b>Steve</b> McManaman do the draw and England's Brave Wembley Stadium host the <b>final.</b> Elsewhere Borussia Dortmund and Real Madrid were given favourable draws with Málaga <b>and</b> Galatasaray, respectively, while the tie of the round sees Bayern Munich and Juventus lock horns.Unlike in previous <b>years,</b> Uefa deigned not <b>to</b> get the draw for the semi-finals out of the way too, presumably because <b>the</b> traditional seven-course banquet was about to start. Anyway they had to <b>get</b> the real quiz, the draw for Big Vase quarter-finals,<br><img src=""><br> <b>out</b> of the way and here was where the Premier League really came into its own.<br> Sure, the day started badly but <b>it</b> ended on a high, with Chelsea off to Russia to <b>play</b> Rubin Kazan, Gareth Bale and The Hot Spurs up against FC Basel/Basle/Barrrrrl in the Christian Gross <b>derby</b> and Newcastle handed a tricky <b>tie</b> against Benfica.After a week in <b>which</b> the Premier League was apparently plunged into crisis, it was perplexing to see three <b>English</b> sides going great guns in Big <b>Vase,</b> a tournament <b>many</b> have declared provides real proof about a league's<br><img src=""><br> strength.<br> As ever, the Fiver doesn't know what to think.QUOTE OF THE DAY"It used to be you could get your coaching licence<br><img src=""><br> in England from the supermarket with your beans and bacon. Now you have to <b>get</b> your licence and do your courses, so<br><img src=""><br> I don't see that happening" – Fulham boss Martin Jol, who clearly shopped in places different to the Fiver, says Danny Murphy <b>isn't</b> about to take a coaching job at the club.FIVER LETTERS"Following Michael Thomas's letter describing all of the names <b>of</b> lamps used to <b>grow</b> weed (yesterday's Fiver letters), I have but one question. Could you please forward me Michael's email address? Asking for a friend" – Todd Van Allen <b>(and</b> <b>others)."If</b> Michael would be so kind as to provide us with an address to which we can send him a prize, we'd be much obliged" – P Lod."Does Michael's letter indicate that the seizure of grow lights meant Notts County were able to say they were 'up for grabs now'?" – Sean Joyce."Alan<br> Pardew's quote saying Spurs are 'in it to win it' (yesterday's Fiver), <b>conjured</b> up a fitting metaphor for English clubs in European <b>competitions.<br></b> The competitions being the National Lottery's 'In It To <b>Win</b> It'.<br><br><img src=""><br> Both have tanned hosts (Dale Winton and Michel Platini) in a game of pre-selected contestants. You can put <b>a</b> lot of <b>money</b> into it but can be sent to the red area and walk away with nothing – à la Man City this year. You get a chance of a reprieve in <b>the</b> red area – à la Chelsea and Big Vase this year. You also get someone appearing in the <b>final</b> who had no right to be there, did not contribute for the majority of the show, got lucky and scooped the lot – à la Chelsea last year. Arsenal got a fiendishly tough question like<br><img src=""><br> the age of a celebrity where all three answers are expressed in minutes with one minute separating them, while Manchester United's question had the right answer removed from the options halfway through" – Dan Hand.• Send your letters <b>to</b> Also, if you've nothing better to do you can also tweet the Fiver. And to placate certain readers, the Fiver awards prizeless Fiver letter o' the day to: Sean Joyce.JOIN GUARDIAN <b>SOULMATESWe</b> keep <b>trying</b> to point out the utter futility of advertising an online <b>dating</b> <a href = "">coffee shop millionaire marketing </a> interesting people" in the <b>Fiver</b> to the naive folk who run Guardian Soulmates, but they still aren't having any of it.<br> So here you go – sign up here to view profiles of the kind of erudite, sociable and friendly romantics who would never dream of going out with you.BITS<br> AND BOBSLord Ferg says former former England defender Rio Ferdinand may remain former England defender Rio Ferdinand for a while yet. "I was as surprised as anyone when I heard [Ferdinand had been called up to <b>the</b> England squad]," puced Ferg. "I need to speak to <b>the</b> [United] doctor because we prepare Rio Ferdinand in a certain way and there are certain treatments he has to go through."Newcastle's<br> Hatem Ben Arfa could miss the rest of the season if he has surgery on hamstring twang. "[Preparing for next season] is the priority <b>for</b> him <b>now</b> because he's been a huge miss <b>for</b> us," sobbed Alan Pardew. "He gives us that X-factor," added Pardew as Ben Arfa belted out a so-so version of I'd Do Anything For Love (But I Won't Do <b>That).Arsène<br></b> <b>Wenger</b> says Thomas Vermaelen and <b>Wojciech</b> Szczesny are not guaranteed starting places after missing the Big Cup tie against Bayern <b>Munich.</b> "You have to face it <b>like</b> that, the last game decides the next one," he said.<br> "All the <b>players</b> are in the same position."<br> That <b>position</b> usually being 25 yards away from the man they're supposed to be marking.And Bayern Munich president Uli Hoeness has taken a <b>pop</b> at the club's former coach Louis van Gaal.<br> <b>"His</b> problem is that Louis is not God, but the father of God," theologised Hoeness.<br> "Before the world existed, Louis was already there."GUARDIAN<br> MASTERCLASSESThere are still places available for the next of Big Paper/Website's 'How to be a football journalist'<br><img src=""><br> masterclasses on 6 April. If you're interested,<br><img src=""><br> you can sign up here.RECOMMENDED<br> <b>VIEWINGHitting</b> the post with an open <b>goal</b> <b>at</b> your mercy could be considered unfortunate. Doing it twice, on <b>the</b> other hand …STILL WANT MORE?"Never before have we seen them pull off something <b>like</b> this, not since Richard Keys went <b>for</b> a wax." It's AC Jimbo's European paper round-up video.Lionel Messi's 44-second, <b>tear-stained</b> appearance, American Samoa keeper Nicky Salapu's <b>13-0</b> shellacking and Chris Iwelumo's two-yard disaster all feature in this week's <b>Joy</b> of Six on international debuts.Disappointingly, Michael Cox's tie-by-tie breakdown does not involve him shredding his neckwear while howling at <b>the</b> moon but is an analysis of the Big Cup quarter-final fixtures instead.How<br> to get the best out of Fernando Torres? Bloody his nose, writes David <b>Hytner</b> in one of the 10 things to look out for <b>in</b> the Premier League <b>this</b> weekend.And,<br> like a zealous truant officer, David Lacey is doing the rounds of English clubs and forcing them back into school to learn to play in Europe again.SIGN UP TO THE <b>FIVERWant</b> your very own copy of our free tea-timely(ish) email sent <b>direct</b> to your <b>inbox?</b> Has your regular copy stopped arriving? Click here to sign up.WARNING: CLICK HERE IF YOU WANT TO BURN YOUR RETINAEJacob<br> &copy; 2013 <b>Guardian</b> News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.<br> <b>All</b> rights reserved.<br> | <b>Use</b> of this content<br><img src=""><br> is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds <b>Fat</b> is no longer a four-letter word in nutrition circles, but <b>knowing</b> how much of it to chew -- and what kind -- can be tough.<br> <b>Marilyn</b> M.<br> Wolfson SM '83, PhD '90, associate leader of the Weather Sensing Group at MIT<br><img src=""><br> Lincoln Laboratory, has been named a fellow of the American Meteorological Society (AMS).<br> She was recognized for <b>“outstanding</b> <b>contributions</b> to the <b>atmospheric</b> or related oceanic or hydrologic sciences, or <b>their</b> applications, <b>during</b> a substantial period of years.”The AMS promotes the development and sharing of information on the atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic sciences. <b>The</b> society <b>also</b> encourages the advancement of professional applications of these sciences. Annually, a maximum of only 0.2 percent of the AMS membership is elevated to the grade of fellow.Wolfson, who joined Lincoln Laboratory in 1983, directs the laboratory’s aviation <b>weather</b> efforts.<br> Currently, her group is focused on increasing <b>the</b> year-round accuracy of the short-term (zero to eight hours) forecast products, and <b>transferring</b> this technology to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for system acquisition. Important research problems also <b>under</b> investigation for the FAA’s Next Generation Air<br><img src=""><br> Traffic System include anticipating the impact of storms on air traffic capacity and demand, and coupling this information functionally to traffic flow management.Wolfson<br> holds a BS in atmospheric and oceanic science from the University of Michigan and both SM and PhD degrees from MIT, where she was named an Ida M. Green Fellow.<br> She received the MIT Lincoln Laboratory Technical Excellence award in 2005 for “her work in the application of meteorology to the problem of improving air traffic control and for her national-level role in the application of advanced convection weather <b>forecasts</b> for use in<br><img src=""><br> the aviation community.” She has served on four National Academy of Sciences committees and has written numerous scientific <b>papers</b> and journal articles. President Obama, in Canada, says the Keystone XL<br><img src=""><br> pipeline would be built only if carbon pollution would not increase.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>The</b> new finding helps explain lithium iron phosphate’s durability as well.<br> When there are <b>stripes</b> of different phases present, the boundaries between those stripes are a source of strain <b>that</b> can cause cracking and a gradual degradation in performance.<br> But when the whole material changes at once, there are no such <b>boundaries</b> and thus less degradation. That’s an unusual finding, <b>Bazant</b> says: “Usually, if you’re doing something faster, you do more damage, but in this case it’s the opposite.”<br> Similarly, he <b>and</b> Cogswell predict that operating at a slightly higher temperature <b>would</b> actually make the material last longer, which runs <b>counter</b> to typical material behavior.In addition to seeing how the material changes over time, understanding how it works involved looking at the material at scales that others had not examined: While much analysis had been done at the level of atoms and molecules, it turned out that the key phenomena could only be seen at the scale of the nanoparticles themselves, Bazant says — many thousands of times larger.<br> “It’s a size-dependent effect,” he says.MIT materials science professor Gerbrand Ceder observed and <b>wrote</b><br><img src=""><br> about lithium iron phosphate’s behavior <b>at</b> high current levels last year; now, Bazant’s theoretical analysis could lead <b>to</b> a broader understanding not only of this material, but also of others that may undergo similar<br><img src=""><br> changes. The work was supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation and a seed grant from the MIT Energy Initiative.<br> Troy Farrell, an associate professor of mathematics at Queensland University of Technology in Australia, who was not involved in this work, says these findings are of great significance for those doing research on lithium batteries.<br> He adds that this new understanding “enables material scientists to develop new structures and compounds that ultimately lead to batteries that have longer life and higher<br><img src=""><br> energy density.<br> This is what is required if battery technology is <b>to</b> be used in high-power applications like electric vehicles.”Understanding why lithium iron phosphate works so well was “one of<br><img src=""><br> the most interesting scientific puzzles I’ve encountered,” Bazant says. “It took five years to figure this out.”<br> <b></b> base:

    The last time the court allowed such access was a year ago, <b>when</b> it heard three days of arguments over the constitutionality of President Obama’s health care law.<br> Growing <b>experience</b> from bike-sharing programs in many cities makes clear that bicycling can be a safe mode of transportation, and <b>the</b> mere presence of <b>a</b> bike-sharing program is a boon to the <b>safety</b> of all bicyclists.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;The 14 video games the Museum of Modern Art acquired in November are on display in a new installation. A weekly capsule of events around the world curated by our writers and editors.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> Rudy Crew, 62, an educator who led public school systems in New York City and Miami, left both positions<br><img src=""><br> amid political differences.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> Lawmakers and lab directors praise suggestions from a coalition of conservative, <b>moderate,</b> and liberal think tanks IN PORT-AU-PRINCE In the days after<br><img src=""><br> the earth shook and the government collapsed, the municipal nursing home here became one of the most desperate sights in Haiti, as old people lay swaddled in dirty sheets, huddled in cramped <b>tents,</b> begging visitors for water.<br> The concert on May 30 will also include Carole King <b>and</b> New <b>Kids</b> on the Block.<br> Tickets go on sale Monday.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; KEY WEST, FLA. -<br><img src=""><br> Mick Kruger is not out of shape.<br> <b>The</b> 38-year-old master-at-arms first class has never failed a physical readiness <b>test.</b> He routinely <b>scores</b> "excellent" on the mile-and-a-half run.<br> He has run one marathon and finished three others on in-line skates. His performance evaluations du... The actors in a scene from Theater for a New Audience’s production of Shakespeare’s romantic comedy. Discounts on midcentury furniture, wall graphics and more.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; A <b>five-bedroom</b> contemporary in Hewlett Harbor, L.I., and a Westchester, N.Y.,<br> home with a high-end kitchen renovation. Just <b>a</b> few months ago, Kate Hanni wasn't thinking <b>much</b> about the woes of air travelers.<br> Celebrate March Madness at old favorites and new spots. • Vice president Nicolas Maduro takes up interim post• Wave of mourning breaks out in streets of Venezuela• Chávez to get state funeral in CaracasVenezuelans began seven <b>days</b> of painful and public<br><img src=""><br> mourning on Tuesday night after the announcement that their president, Hugo Chávez, had died aged 58 after a <b>long</b> battle against cancer.The<br> country's vice-president, Nicolás Maduro – tipped as a likely <b>successor</b> – broke the news on Tuesday <b>night,</b> prompting a wave of grief in the nation's streets."We<br><br><img src=""><br> have just received the most tragic and awful information.<br> At 4.25pm,<br> President Hugo Chávez Frias died," Maduro announced in a televised address, his voice choking.<br> "It's a moment <b>of</b> <b>deep</b> pain," he said.Chávez died at a military hospital in Caracas, the capital of <b>the</b> country he has ruled since 1999.<br> As soon as the news was announced, supporters gathered at the city's main square, Plaza Bolivar, and began chanting: "Chávez vive, la lucha sigue" – "Chávez lives, the battle continues."People wearing the red beret the president was known for sang a popular folk song with the words: "Those <b>who</b> die for life cannot be<br><img src=""><br> called dead."As messages of condolence came from <b>many</b> world leaders, perhaps the most significant was from Barack Obama. He said: "At this challenging time of President Hugo Chávez's passing, the United States reaffirms its support for the <b>Venezuelan</b> people and its interest in developing a constructive relationship with the Venezuelan government. As Venezuela begins a new chapter in its history, the US remains committed to policies that promote democratic principles, the rule of law and respect for human rights."Chávez, the symbol of Latin American socialism, succumbed to <b>a</b> respiratory infection on Tuesday evening, 21 months after he first revealed he had a tumour. He had not been seen in public for three months since emergency surgery in Cuba on 11 December.He will be given a state funeral in Caracas<br><img src=""><br> on Friday, likely to be attended by millions of supporters and leftwing leaders from across the globe who <b>have</b> been inspired by Chávez's doctrine of <b>"Bolivarian</b> 21st-century socialism", grateful for the subsidised energy he provided or simply impressed by his charisma.<br> His death will also trigger a presidential election, to be held within 30 days, <b>to</b> decide who controls the world's greatest untapped reserves of oil.His designated successor, Maduro, is likely to face Henrique Capriles, the losing opposition candidate in the presidential election held a few months ago in October 2012. Until then, according to the constitution, the interim president should be the head of the national assembly, Diosdado Cabello.<br> However on Tuesday night the Venezuelan foreign minister, Elias Jaua, said Maduro was the interim president. It was not clear whether this would only apply until the official <b>calling</b> of the election and beginning of the campaign, or whether Maduro would remain in charge <b>until</b> the election result was determined.Robert Menendez, <b>chairman</b> of the US Senate foreign relations committee, called for free and fair elections to replace Chávez. "Hugo Chavez ruled Venezuela with an iron hand and his passing has left a political void that we hope will be filled peacefully and through a constitutional and democratic process, grounded in the Venezuelan constitution and<br><img src=""><br> adhering to the Inter-American Democratic Charter."Replacing<br> one of most colourful figures on the global political landscape will be an immense challenge. Born to a poor family on the plains, Chávez became a tank commander and a devotee of South America's liberator, Simón Bolívar. A failed coup in 1992 propelled him into the limelight but it was his ballot box triumphs that made him an inspiration for the resurgent Latin American left <b>and</b> the most <b>outspoken</b> – and often humorous – critic of the US, the war in Iraq and George Bush, whom he <a href = "">coffee shop millionaire pdf </a> a "donkey" <b>and</b> a <b>"devil".</b> Formerly one of the most dynamic political leaders in the world with a globe-trotting schedule and a weekly, unscripted TV broadcast – often hours long – Chávez shocked his countrymen in June 2011 when he revealed that Cuban surgeons had removed a baseball-sized tumour from his pelvic region.After that, <b>he</b> underwent several rounds of chemotherapy and two more operations in what he <b>described</b> as a "battle for health and <b>for</b> life". His medical records were never made public, prompting widespread speculation about his imminent demise, but <b>he</b> and his supporters insisted he was recovering. Before the presidential election in October 2012, aides claimed <b>he</b> was well enough to complete a full term. During that campaign, Chávez was clearly affected by his illness. But although he made fewer and shorter appearances, he won more votes than in any of his earlier elections battles, prompting him to proclaim victory in a "perfect battle".Fears about his health escalated after he rushed to Cuba <b>for</b> hyperbaric <b>oxygen</b> treatment on 27 November.<br> Less than a fortnight later, he made a televised address in which he said that doctors had <b>discovered</b> malignant cells that required surgery and urged Venezuelans to <b>vote</b> <b>for</b> Maduro if he was incapacitated.Since his operation in December, Chávez has been visited by family members <b>and</b> <b>several</b> of his closest political allies, including Fidel and Raul Castro of Cuba, Ecuadorean president Rafael Correa and Bolivian <b>president</b> Evo Morales.Beyond a set of four photographs <b>released</b> last month that showed<br><img src=""><br> a remarkably hearty looking Chávez smiling in <b>a</b> hospital bed and flanked by his daughters, the president has not been seen <b>or</b> heard for three months.<br> This prompted frequent rumours that the president <b>was</b> dead or on life support.<br> <b>The</b> government denied this and said he <b>continued</b> to run<br><img src=""><br> the country by writing down his orders.But officials acknowledged that Chávez suffered multiple complications after his surgery including respiratory infections and bleeding. He had to <b>undergo</b> more chemotherapy and drug treatments and could <b>only</b> breathe through a tracheal tube. He returned from Cuba<br><img src=""><br> on 18 February at his own request, said officials. Since then he has been treated at Carlos Arvelo military hospital in Caracas.Hopes for a recovery dimmed on Monday, when minister<br><img src=""><br> of <b>communications,</b> Ernesto Villegas, said the president's condition had declined due to a "new and serious respiratory infection."Constitutional questions have been raised<br><img src=""><br> by his long hospitalisation and absence from public life, which he formerly dominated with dynamic and provocative appearances on his weekly television address, Hello Mr President.When<br> he failed to attend his scheduled inauguration on 10 January, the opposition asked who is running the country.<br> The ruling party responded with a rally of more than 100,000 supporters, many carrying banners declaring "We are Chávez."Hugo<br> ChávezVenezuelaAmericasJonathan WattsVirginia &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.<br> | Use of this content is <b>subject</b> to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds President Obama visited an arts and <b>recreation</b> campus in<br><img src=""><br> a low-income Washington neighborhood Monday to tout the importance of fatherhood, and announced a new effort to bring <b>together</b> children, famous dads and nonprofit groups to promote <b>the</b> father-child relationship.<br> Images <b>Of</b> Black Women Film Festival | London Palestine Film Festival | Marcel L'Herbier: Fabricating DreamsImages Of Black Women Film Festival, LondonThis festival has a clear mission: to promote women of African descent, in front of and behind the camera.<br> The result is a spread of films from around the globe that you're unlikely to <b>see</b> anywhere else. Family drama Elza is the first female-directed feature from Guadeloupe; Pariah charts the coming out of a Brooklyn lesbian; and Black is a polished Senegalese action-thriller. There are docs on Nigerian women <b>who</b> protest against oil companies by threatening to strip naked, plus various art and children's events.Various venues, Sat to 11 MayLondon Palestine Film FestivalHistory inevitably weighs <b>heavily</b> on Palestinian culture, but this festival regularly finds<br><img src=""><br> fresh perspectives on what feels like an age-old<br><img src=""><br> issue, both from <b>the</b> past and the present. Director David Koff revisits his <b>once-controversial</b> 1980s documentary Occupied <b>Palestine</b> to start things off. Among the newer stuff, Apples Of The Golan finds rappers and salsa <b>dancers</b> in one of the few remaining Druze villages in the Golan <b>Heights;</b><br><img src=""><br> Infiltrators follows Palestinians clandestinely negotiating the West Bank's labyrinthine barriers; and Flying Paper charts an attempt to break the world kite-flying record in the unlikely setting of Gaza. Fictional highlights include "comic supernatural documentary" Jean Wejnoon, and Elia Suleiman's debut short film.Barbican<br> Screen, EC2, <b>UCL</b> & SOAS, WC1, Sat to 15 MayMarcel L'Herbier: Fabricating Dreams, LondonThe fourth Fashion In Film festival devotes itself entirely to this little known but highly influential film-maker, who helped bring the early 20th-century avant garde into cinema. L'Herbier worked with his day's leading artists and designers to create a complete, rigorously controlled <b>cinematic</b> vision that oozes style. <b>You</b> can see the results here in sumptuous movies such as Le Vertige, Scent Of The Woman In Black, and the epic melodrama L'Inhumaine, whose incredible<br><img src=""><br> list <b>of</b> contributors includes future directors Alberto Cavalcanti and Claude Autant-Lara, fashion designer Paul Poiret and modernist architect Robert Mallet-Stevens.Various<br> venues, Fri to 19 MayiD Fest, Derby"Exploring identity through film" is the tagline for this festival, which you could apply to your own identity or those of <b>special</b> guests such as Terry Jones, a man of many Python-esque guises, including <b>the</b> infamous Mr Creosote in the accompanying The Meaning Of Life <b>screening.</b> Then there's Janet Suzman (with Peter Greenaway's The Draughtsman's Contract), rising local <b>Jack</b> O'Connell, or Martin Stephens, creepy child <b>star</b> <a href = "">panic away </a> Village Of The Damned, who presents The Innocents.<br> There are <b>also</b> diverse family-based films, from whimsical fun with The Royal Tenenbaums to domestic violence in Nil By Mouth, and a fine lineup of new movies, including The Iceman, and <b>Takashi</b> Miike's teen musical For Love's Sake.QUAD,<br> Thu to 12 MaySteve<br> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.<br> | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds When Rocky <b>Wirtz</b> took over the Chicago Blackhawks six years ago, they were among the worst teams in the NHL.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; President Barack Obama met Thursday, March 28, in the Oval Office with<br><img src=""><br> the six U.S. recipients<br><img src=""><br> of the 2012 Kavli Prizes — including MIT’s Mildred S. Dresselhaus, Ann M. Graybiel and Jane X.<br> Luu. <b>Obama</b> and his science and technology advisor, John P.<br> Holdren, received the scientists to recognize their landmark contributions in <b>nanoscience,</b> neuroscience and astrophysics, respectively.“American scientists, engineers and innovators strengthen our nation every day and in countless <b>ways,</b> but the all-stars honored by the Kavli Foundation deserve special praise for the scale of their advances in some of the most important <b>and</b> exciting research disciplines today,” said Holdren, who also serves as director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.<br> “I <b>am</b> grateful not only for their profound accomplishments, but for the inspiration they are providing to a new generation of doers, makers and discoverers.”The<br> researchers received their Kavli Prizes for making fundamental contributions to our understanding of the outer solar system; of the differences in material properties at nano- and larger scales; <b>and</b> of how the brain receives and responds to sensations such as sight, sound <b>and</b> touch.The<br> 2012 Kavli Prize in <b>Astrophysics</b> was awarded to Luu, David C. Jewitt of the University of California at Los Angeles, and Michael E.<br> Brown of the California Institute of Technology for discovering and<br><img src=""><br> characterizing the Kuiper Belt and <b>its</b> largest members, work that <b>led</b> to a major advance in the understanding of the history of our planetary system. The Kuiper <b>Belt</b> lies beyond the orbit of Neptune and is a disk of more than 70,000 small bodies made of rock <b>and</b><br><img src=""><br> ice, and orbiting the sun.<br> Jewitt <b>and</b> Luu discovered the Kuiper Belt, <b>and</b> Brown discovered and characterized many <b>of</b> its largest members.The 2012 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience <b>was</b> awarded to Dresselhaus for her work explaining why the properties of materials structured at the nanoscale can vary so much from those of the same materials at larger<br><img src=""><br> dimensions. Her early work provided the foundation for later discoveries concerning the famous C60 buckyball, carbon nanotubes and graphene.<br> Dresselhaus received the <b>Kavli</b> Prize for her research into uniform oscillations of elastic arrangements of atoms or molecules called phonons; phonon-electron interactions; <b>and</b> heat conductivity in nanostructures.The<br> 2012 Kavli Prize in Neuroscience was awarded to Graybiel, Cornelia Isabella Bargmann of Rockefeller University, and <b>Winfried</b> Denk of the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, who have pioneered the study of how sensory signals pass from the point of sensation — whether the eye, the foot or the nose — to the <b>brain,</b> and <b>how</b> decisions are made to respond.<br> Each working on different parts of the brain, and using different techniques and models, they have combined precise neuroanatomy with sophisticated functional studies to gain understanding of their chosen systems. THE QUESTION When people think they're treated unfairly <b>at</b> work, does the way they deal with their anger affect <b>the</b> <b>health</b> of their heart? Russell Westbrook relishes the moments when an opponent challenges him and his Oklahoma City Thunder teammates and it becomes time to respond.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> Members of a credit union that serves active-duty military<br><img src=""><br> personnel and others connected to the Pentagon are at risk for identity theft after a laptop was hacked, exposing the personal and financial records of<br><img src=""><br> an undisclosed number of <b>troops</b> and their families. Lawmakers governing the state with the highest rate of obesity <b>in</b> the nation said any law that might <b>limit</b> what Mississippians eat or drink has to go through them — <b>barring</b> federal regulations.<br> <b>Prize-mania</b> is infiltrating science and technology policy and drowning out more important <b>innovation</b> debatesInnovation prize-mania seems to be infiltrating policy corners and important institutions <b>everywhere,</b> from the <b>NHS</b> to NESTA and the UNDP. This week, <b>The</b> Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering made its first £1m award. A few weeks ago, Cameron launched the £1m Longitude Prize. Earlier in <b>the</b> <b>year,</b> the $3m Breakthrough Prize and the $1.5m<br> Tang Prize were launched with considerable fanfare by celebrity billionaire founders. Nature reckons it's "wise to accept such gifts with gratitude and grace". Innovation policy researchers are being asked to provide support to other important institutions, ranging from DfID to the EC. Maybe they want to join the band-wagon and set up yet more prizes.<br> It feels as though it's only a matter of <b>time</b> before there are prizes for the best prize.<br> It could be the meta-prize, the <b>X2-prize,</b> or the sur-prize.So far, innovation researchers have largely held their tongue despite problems with both types of <b>prizes</b> – <b>recognition</b> and inducement. Recognition prizes might indeed afford honour to worthy researchers but, as <b>Jack</b> <b>Stilgoe</b> points out, prize winners often don't need the additional esteem.<br> If there is a possibility <b>that</b> prize committees look over each other's shoulders to make awards to the same people, then recognition prizes don't do much for encouraging new people to come through. Philip Mirowski, for example, suggests that the Nobel Prize is mainly a signal to the media which serves to elevate a select few <a href = "">tinnitus miracle review </a> position of spokespersons for their profession so that they can reinforce their paradigms.<br> Recognition prizes don't seem to do much for encouraging a diversity of new ideas to come<br><img src=""><br> <b>through.But</b> it is the hyperbole surrounding inducement prizes that seem to attract the most flies.<br> Advocates <b>for</b> inducement claim that a prize will stimulate or even procure innovation, but prizes often fail to address three very well-established facts of contemporary innovation: (1) Innovation is uncertain, (2) innovation is cumulative and (3) innovation is collective. One might well answer 'So what?' to these stylized facts, let me <b>address</b> that.So<br> what if innovation is uncertain? Uncertainty means you can end up handing over a prize for an innovation that isn't all that great. The $10m Automotive X prize for designing a car that achieves 100mpg went not to an electric car, but to <b>a</b> design <b>that</b> opted for sticking the good ole <b>internal</b> combustion engine into an extremely light frame. Reducing battery-size, -weight <b>and</b> <b>-cost</b> would have required one to pursue a trickier research trajectory. When chasing a prize, researchers won't want<br><img src=""><br> to get bogged down exploring basics (or basic research) and pursuing ambitions beyond the minimum specifications of the prize. Conversely, if you craft the specifications <b>too</b> precisely and know <b>exactly</b> what you are going to get in advance, then it's not really innovation that you're asking <b>for</b> when you set up a prize.<br> The more<br><img src=""><br> you take uncertainty out of the prize criteria by nailing down the specs, the more you take the innovation out of <b>the</b> activity you're stimulating.Getting the 'uncertainty-specification' balance right is<br><img src=""><br> hard, but getting it wrong can be costly when the prizes are big.<br> The problem is that, as Stian Westlake points out, the stakes are high when it comes to innovation.<br> Prizes would need to be really very big to have much of an effect.<br> It's telling that not a single major car manufacturer bothered to enter; $10m isn't enough for them to get out of bed.<br> In any case, why bother with electric innovation when there is a massive network of infrastructure supporting combustion. Prizes aren't going to change that, no matter how large the pot.So what if innovation is cumulative? Without knowledge accumulation, some innovations remain impossible. No amount of prize money in the 1800s could have <b>produced</b> wide-spectrum antibiotics or, indeed, a satellite capable of orbiting the moon. A translation of this point for economists: 'The supply of <b>certain</b> classes of inventions is at some times completely inelastic' – (courtesy of Nathan Rosenberg).<br> I offer the translation because economists are often prime culprits for assuming that innovation is about articulating market demand, correcting failures by mimicking the <b>market</b> with big prizes, strong patents, well-aligned incentives between principal and agent, etc. Only last month, yet another economist was singing praise for prizes<br><img src=""><br> last month to induce innovations in issues as complex as pandemics, <b>vaccines</b> and HIV.Although a prize pay-out isn't necessary until researchers come up with the goods, the problem <b>is</b> that without other innovation policies, you might be waiting forever for your <b>goods.</b> Knowledge doesn't accumulate <b>by</b> itself<br><img src=""><br> <b>(myth</b> of unfettered research); innovative efforts need to be co-ordinated.<br> Given how important it is to manage the knowledge accumulation<br><img src=""><br> <b>process,</b> one might turn the issue on its head and ask if certain innovations may have happened anyway, regardless of <b>the</b> existence of a prize.<br> The 'effectiveness' of prizes <b>depends</b> on how much you buy into <b>the</b> illusion that incentives are what make innovation events happen.<br> Unfortunately, <b>despite</b> efforts to associate the moment<br><img src=""><br> of innovation with light-bulbs, sparks or other candescent metaphors, modern <b>innovation</b> is a process - not an event - that relies on accumulated knowledge <b>and</b> capabilities.So what if innovation is <b>collective?</b> Collective innovation makes it less clear who to award the prize to. One of the supposed advantages of the Breakthrough Prize is that, unlike the Nobel Prize, it doesn't limit its award to a maximum of<br><img src=""><br> three people.<br> But that doesn't resolve the issue of discerning who contributed what and when.<br> Even if the prize is awarded to the whole <b>team,</b> (physicists <b>looking</b> after Large <b>Hadron</b> Collider were made up of two teams of 3000 each), there are usually an array of journal peer reviewers, commentators, graduate students, conference speakers that have also had important influences.<br> Superstar scientists and engineers are able to <b>express</b> their work only as a result of what they do in their community, and what the community has done as a whole.Prizes<br> fuel the illusion that innovation is about heroic lone inventors, and that pitting them against each other is good for making an exciting race.<br> But <b>races</b> hinder dissemination (and knowledge accumulation) by encouraging researchers to keep their results secret for as long as possible <b>to</b> retain an advantage.<br> Rivals might wastefully duplicate efforts. Those that <b>have</b> don't have the resources and <b>materials</b> upfront might not get to play <b>their</b> hand in the game at all.I'm not saying all <b>prizes</b> should be abolished.<br> But the fetish for <b>setting</b> up new prizes is a distraction to more substantial issues in the innovation system. Prizes are out-dated and the current fad represents little more than tinkering with the edges. Let's not kid ourselves about what <b>prizes</b> <b>can</b> do for modern innovation systems.Ohid Yaqub is a visiting fellow at SPRU, University of Sussex. He has recently been awarded a Best Paper prize, which he gleefully acceptedScience prizesScience policyOhid<br> &copy; 2013 Guardian News<br><img src=""><br> and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All <b>rights</b> reserved. | <b>Use</b> of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | <b>More</b>

    Must scientists at the Paris Observatory really give<br><img src=""><br> the world's timekeepers more ammunition in their war on the unpunctual?There is a paradox at <b>the</b> heart of scientific endeavour.<br> As Homer Simpson put it: "How come they can send a <b>man</b> to the moon but can't make my shoes smell good?"I felt similarly on hearing the thrilling if intellectually discombobulating news that scientists at the Paris Observatory claim to <b>have</b> found a more accurate way to measure<br><img src=""><br> time.Will their research help temporal <b>slackers</b> like me in the war against punctuality? If I'm late for an appointment can I cite the new Parisian redefinition of the second as <b>mitigation</b> in a dog-ate-my-homework manner? Unlikely. <b>It's</b> hard then for me to see the benefits of <b>what</b> is evidently very clever scientific research. In <b>my</b> view, public funding of scientific research should be further slashed until it really addresses the most important spatio-temporal matters <b>in</b> my universe.Idiot, you retort: don't you realise <b>that</b><br><img src=""><br> telecommunications, satellite navigation and the stock markets rely on ever-better time measurements? That atomic clocks stop planes crashing into each other? That you wouldn't be making mobile phone calls so <b>readily</b> if it weren't for atomic clocks facilitating the simultaneous transmission of thousands of calls down <b>the</b> same <b>wire?Hold</b> <b>on.</b> Wasn't time already measured sufficiently <b>accurately?</b> In the olden days it was relatively simple to grasp how time was measured. One complete rotation of the Earth equalled a day and the rest <b>of</b> the units we used to measure time <b>could</b> be made up of subdivisions.<br> We have, <b>incidentally,</b> always measured time in terms of distance.Then someone noticed <b>that</b> the Earth wobbled as it rotated on its axis, making some days longer than others. That's why, before 1967, you so often heard British Rail announcers deploy the stock get-out clause: "We would like to apologise for the late running of the 11.43. This is because of unscheduled undulations in the Earth's <b>rotation</b> interfering with our <b>temporal</b> measurement paradigm. But we <b>should</b> make up time after <b>Reading."</b> If we were going to get serious about measuring time, we had to do better than that.That<br> is when all our problems began. Ever since 1967, the measurement of time has been <b>so</b> accurate that the slacker era of excuses for being late is over. We're pursued ever more ardently by time's winged chariot, driven by temporal technicians who insist that we be punctual, present and correct.Since<br> 1967 the definition of a second<br><img src=""><br> has been the duration of 9,192,631,770 oscillations of the microwave radiation absorbed or emitted <b>when</b> a caesium <b>atom</b> jumps between two particular energy states. (If you're getting that glazed look <b>you</b> experience when Brian Cox gets technical, I can only apologise.) <b>And,</b> <b>currently,</b> the best way to measure that frequency is with what scientists <b>poetically</b> call an atomic fountain, whereby a laser beam propels atoms of <b>gaseous</b> caesium upwards and then the atoms' emissions are probed once by a microwave as they rise <b>and</b> then <b>again</b> as they fall.<br> Such a caesium fountain clock will keep time to within one second over 100 million years.But that's not accurate enough for Dr Jerome Lodewyck and his team of in Paris.<br> They have devised an optical lattice <b>clock</b> that they hope will <b>be</b> even <b>more</b> accurate. "In our clocks we use laser beams," Lodewyck explains. "Laser beams oscillate much faster than microwave radiation, and in a sense we divide time in much shorter intervals so we can measure <b>time</b> more precisely." Optical lattice clocks lose just one second every 300 million years.Thanks<br> for giving the world's timekeepers more ammunition in the war against the unpunctual. <b>How</b> can the slackers of the world resist this <b>onward</b> march of temporal tweaking?Consider the French philosopher Henri Bergson, who argued that while how we measure time and redefine the units of <b>its</b> measurement is important for the advancement of science, all of that activity misses much of what is valuable in what it is to be a human. He distinguished between time and duration: the former is a homogeneous medium that can be divided into periods of equal length; the latter is heterogeneous and so can never be <b>divided</b> into such instants.<br> Arguably, <b>it</b> is duration that is more important than time in human life.<br> When we <b>hear</b> music it is not just a succession <b>of</b> disconnected notes but a continuity. The world in other words is experienced not moment by moment but in a<br><img src=""><br> continuous fashion. If you're the guard confronting an angry mob on the stationary train outside Bodmin Parkway that's never going to make it to Penzance on time, use Bergson to placate themThe Greek philosopher Zeno devised four paradoxes of motion to prove that to <b>we</b> can never move past a single point because each point<br><img src=""><br> is infinitely divisible and it is impossible to cross an infinite space.<br> That's why<br><img src=""><br> <b>that</b> Bodmin to Penzance train will never, as a matter of fact, reach its destination. For thinkers such as Zeno and Parmenides, time and space were unreal and any attempts to measure them doomed to self-contradiction.That<br> <b>defence,</b> after the millennia, remains the best <b>retort</b> to the <b>temporal</b> technicians such as Lodewyck whose work may well have the unacceptable result of getting human beings to run on time.PhysicsFranceEuropeStuart<br> &copy; 2013<br><img src=""><br> Guardian News and Media Limited <b>or</b> its affiliated companies.<br> All rights reserved.<br> | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo’s administration says <b>the</b> ads are a valuable tool for <b>recruiting</b> businesses, but critics say they are a backdoor way of elevating the governor’s stature.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Like the famed ivory-billed woodpecker, my perfect running shoe is hiding. I <b>have</b> been as methodical and patient as those champion bird-watchers in my search. All I have to show <b>for</b> it is the orthopedic version of a fuzzy photograph.<br> Flashes of greatness <b>have</b> flown from my feet<br><img src=""><br> in some shoes.<br> But only for brief moments, and maybe they weren't even <b>real.<br></b> The high-profile group still euthanizes most of the animals at its shelter in Virginia, <b>even</b> as a “no-kill” movement that promotes adoption grows rapidly.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> LASTINGNESS The Art of Old Age By Nicholas Delbanco <a href = "">tinnitus miracle download </a> Central 261 <b>pp.</b> $24.99<br> Nicholas Delbanco's new book examines creative achievement in old age, though the author acknowledges that our culture concerns itself primarily with the young.<br> We seem, <b>nonetheless,</b> ambivalent about age, expecti... Chancellor of the <b>Exchequer,</b> George Osborne, delivered his Budget to the <b>House</b> of Commons today and focused largely on providing benefits to SMEs, including reductions in National Insurance and funding for external advice.<br> Ghana has soured on the Chinese who have worked in its gold mines for years, exposing China’s <b>risky</b> system<br><img src=""><br> of financing for miners and <b>leaving</b> relatives fearing <b>financial</b> ruin.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> Planes bombed a Libyan military vehicle <b>and</b> set up 600-square-mile sanctuary over Benghazi; 20 planes were patrolling the skies. Opera Software said Wednesday hackers<br><img src=""><br> pilfered from its internal systems at least one code-signing certificate that was used to sign malicious software.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> OTTAWA -- Blake Wheeler had two goals and an assist and Tim Thomas extended <b>his</b> winning streak against Ottawa to 11 games and the Boston Bruins scored four times in the first <b>en</b> route to a 4-1 win over the Senators on Tuesday night.<br> When Thomas E.<br> Perez took over the Justice <b>Department's</b> Civil Rights Division in October, he found an office<br><img src=""><br> that <b>was</b> a shadow of its historic self.<br> In a concession to business groups, the Homeland Security Department will significantly scale back its planned crackdown this winter on federal contractors that hire illegal immigrants. Rod Stewart will<br><img src=""><br> release a new album Time&nbsp;May 7th on Capitol Records marking his first album of[...] Six talking points, including the art of fielding, the importance of atmosphere, the debate over bats and the issue of no-ballsBall one <b>–</b> Good noise and bad <b>noiseA</b> full house at The Oval, with some <b>drink</b> taken and plenty to shout about, made a <b>tremendous</b> din – and the moment the ball rose, so did the volume.<br> But, as ever, the marketing men – who probably <b>have</b> <b>no</b> feel for the game, maybe <b>none</b> for sport in general – insisted <b>on</b> playing a selection of deafening hooks from "That's <b>What</b> I call Music CXXVII" <b>at</b> every opportunity. There are times when a crowd needs geeing up, but Tueday <b>night</b> was not one<br><img src=""><br> of them.<br> Sport <b>is</b> so great because it makes its own atmosphere, creates its own narratives, drives its own drama – but sport isn't trusted to do that these days. <b>Spend</b> an hour with the BBC's <b>coverage</b> of any <b>sport</b> and find out how little the organisation <b>that</b> defined sports coverage in the UK trusts its audience to simply enjoy sport for sport's sake. And, after the Olympics <b>is</b> now etched in stone as the best <b>way</b> to present sport (live and on TV), there is no going back now.Ball two – <b>Fielding</b> is a spectacle in itselfResurrect one of the many all-time great cricketers who have played on this grand old ground and <b>they</b> would find much about this match unrecognisable.<br> But perhaps the one aspect of today's cricket that would stun them the most is the excellence of the fielding from every man on the paddock. It's <b>no</b> exaggeration to suggest that (bar a Derek Randall or a Jonty Rhodes), the best fielders in an XI of a generation<br><img src=""><br> or so ago would have to up their games to <b>be</b> the <b>worst</b> fielder in one of today's teams.<br> If all T20 offered as a spectacle was its fielding, it would still <b>be</b> one helluva sight.Ball<br> <b>three</b> – Bats may need to be reined <b>inAdvances</b> in sports equipment technology<br><img src=""><br> have led to extended golf courses and the heavy, fluffy balls at Wimbledon that have turned grass court into hard court tennis because the old balls traveled too fast. Trampoline bats have caused plenty of murmurs about whether things have gone too far<br><img src=""><br> in cricket, but there's no real thirst for restrictions on batmaking processes.<br> Brendon McCullum may have hastened such discussions becoming more prominent by <b>top-edging</b> a six over the keeper's head and up on to <b>the</b> second tier <b>of</b> The Oval Pavilion.<br> Now that's a very big hit indeed.<br> Of course, who doesn't like a six? <b>But</b> baseball – which likes <b>a</b> home run just as much – outlawed cork bats and an unpressed cricket bat appears to be much the <b>same</b> thing.Ball four – No boring middle oversNobody <b>told</b> New Zealand that the middle overs of T20 matches in England are reserved for the poke<br><img src=""><br> and the prod as both sides settle for six singles and the occasional boundary. McCullum and Rutherford ignored the fielders and simply smashed pretty much every ball, trusting a bit to luck and a bit to the difficulty<br><img src=""><br> <b>of</b> catching a ball moving at that kind of speed.<br> It built a great platform for the Kiwis and, perhaps more importantly in front<br><img src=""><br> of a capacity crowd, was tremendously entertaining.Ball five – No-balls need sorting outHard on the heels (literally) of Stuart Broad's very close call for a no-ball that wasn't, which decided the Champions Trophy match between these two sides (by sending back Kane Williamson), <b>Mitchell</b> McClenghan was pinged for overstepping on a landing that looked much more behind the line than Broad's. Given the inexplicable desire of bowlers <b>to</b> land as close to no-ball territory as possible, a smudgy, flaky line <b>isn't</b> much good for the onfield umpire or the man upstairs watching replays on the HD TV. With an extra ball and a<br><img src=""><br> free hit (and sometimes a wicket) at stake, these decisions need to be more certain – and that's a matter for the lawmakers, not the umpires who have been given a hospital pass on <b>this</b> one.Ball six – Jos Buttler is more than a stopperBeing second choice to Craig Kieswetter at Somerset is hardly a ringing endorsement of wicketkeeping skills. Such was <b>Jos</b> Buttler's <b>fate</b> at the start of the season. With Kieswetter injured<br><img src=""><br> and England's selectors already favouring the younger man, Buttler has worn the gloves in more matches this season that he expected.<br> He is more than a stopper, as his impressive catch to <b>give</b> Boyd Rankin his first international England <b>wicket</b> showed.<br> If he improves as much as Matt Prior <b>did</b> after his 22nd birthday, England <a href = "">forex growth bot </a> a very decent player.•<br> This is an article from our Guardian Sport Network• This article first appeared on The 99.4 Cricket <b>Blog•</b> Follow Gary Naylor on TwitterCricketTwenty20England cricket teamNew Zealand cricket teamGary <b><br></b> &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.<br> | <b>Use</b> of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More<br><img src=""><br> Feeds&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; An unknown number of people remained trapped after a structure that housed garment factories crashed <b>down</b> near Dhaka.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> <b>Ottawa</b> defenseman Eric Gryba was suspended two games and Boston’s Andrew Ference for one game for hits to the heads of opponents in playoff openers.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br><img src=""><br> The author of this week’s <b>cover</b> article answers questions about a 1997 article on breast cancer that she regrets writing, <b>and</b> what she has learned since then.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <b>The</b><br><img src=""><br> holy grail of customer satisfaction as well as an artistic taboo, the happy ending can be played out in many ways. Which films would you add to this list?This week Clip joint is from John Carvill, who previously <b>wrote</b> on subjects as varied as taking <b>the</b> train and 'meet cutes'. <b>If</b> <b>you've</b> got <b>an</b> idea for a future clip joint, email a key scene in The Player, Robert Altman's shrewdly meta-fictional Hollywood movie about how Hollywood makes movies, studio executive Griffin Mill (Tim Robbins) languidly enumerates to June Gudmundsdottir (Greta Scacchi), the elements a script needs if <b>it</b> is to become one of <b>the</b> dozen or so per year <b>that</b> Griffin's studio<br><img src=""><br> can green light for production: "Suspense,<br><img src=""><br> laughter, <b>violence</b> … hope, heart … nudity, sex … happy endings."<br> Griffin pauses, then concludes: "Mainly <b>happy</b> endings."Happy<br> endings, being both a holy grail of customer satisfaction and something of an artistic taboo, strike at the neurotic heart of Hollywood's conflicted relationship with itself. Mainstream audiences are said to crave upbeat denouements.<br> On the other hand, to impose an incongruously cheerful <b>climax</b> is seen by critics, film buffs, and many within the business as an act of cultural vandalism.<br> Hollywood <b>has</b> always had the thinnest of skins, forever alert <b>to</b> accusations of artistic vacuity, moral decay and <b>crass</b> commercialism; yet the industry <b>remains</b> addicted to the lamentable habit of taking <b>a</b> classic from literature and defiling it by <b>grafting</b> on a gloopy happy ending – a trait which is seen by some as emblematic of the artistic inferiority of cinema as compared with<br><img src=""><br> other, older art forms.<br> It would be easy <b>to</b> quickly compile a long list of Hollywood's most anodyne finales; instead, let's <b>conclude</b> that it's better to look on the bright side, with some examples of Hollywood getting the happy ending just right.1.<br> The Wizard of OzIf trying to explain Hollywood – or, for that matter, America itself – to a recently landed alien, this <b>oneiric</b> masterpiece would surely be one of your <b>first</b> selections.<br> The "waking up safe back home" ending offers a perfect encapsulation of the Dream Factory's core appeal.<br> Reading on mobile? <b>Click</b> <b>here</b> to watch the clip on YouTube2. To Have and Have NotBogart never smiled (on screen) in quite <b>the</b> same way we seem him smiling here.<br> His happiness is<br><img src=""><br> understandable: <b>he's</b> defeated the Nazis, his bar bills have been paid and Lauren Bacall<br><img src=""><br> wants to shimmy off into the sunset with him. This being a Howard Hawks movie, Bogie doesn't abandon his sidekick, Walter Brennan, <b>who's</b> there to carry the luggage.Reading<br> on mobile? Click here to watch the clip on YouTube3. The Strawberry <b>BlondeJames</b> Cagney loses Rita Hayworth – and <b>half</b> his life – to villainous Jack Carson, but he still ends up happy.<br> A combination of the joys <b>of</b> amateur dentistry and the charms of Olivia de Havilland help him to keep depression at bay. Watch from 1h28mReading on mobile? Click here to watch the clip <b>on</b> YouTube4. <b>The</b> Breakfast ClubLike a great pop song, John Hughes's <b>exquisite</b> 80s classic has the ability to make <b>you</b> feel – simultaneously – deliriously happy and ineluctably melancholy.<br> Bender's final-shot air punch speaks volumes for a generation<br><img src=""><br> who were, as <b>the</b> film's David <b>Bowie</b> epigram attested, quite aware of what they were going through.Reading on mobile? Click here to watch the clip on <b>YouTube5.<br></b> It Happened One NightWho could be unhappy with this ending? If there's anything better than ending with a happy wedding, it's ending an unhappy<br><img src=""><br> wedding with the bride finding happiness elsewhere. Gable and Colbert are as stellar as stars ever got; but Walter Connolly gets the best lines, and the last word.Watch from 1h 34mReading on mobile? Click here to watch the clip on YouTubeClip joint's readers <b>really</b> plumbed the depths in last week's threads on ghettos.<br> Here are John's five favourite slumming <b>tips:1.</b> helenf888 got <b>into</b> that carnivorous ghetto rythym, with Delicatessen2.<br> secretcinema <b>gave</b> us Bogart at his early, gutter-crawling, mother-alienating best in Dead End3.<br> FreakyChucker1 got all Yorkshire on our<br><img src=""><br> asses, with Monty Python's <b>subtle</b> stereotyping of Protestant and Catholic sperm dispersal habits, in The Meaning of Life4. Benjamin86 brought us a touch of continental class, taking us to the parts of Paris few tourists have near the top of their "must see" lists, in La Haine5.<br> The winner had to be secretcinema (yes, again) if <b>only</b> for reminding us of Carole Lombard, William <b>Powell</b> and that sublime opening sequence, in My Man GodfreyDramaRomanceGuardian &copy; 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. All rights reserved.<br> | <b>Use</b> of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds “Beyond the Bed: The American Quilt Evolution,” at the Katonah<br><img src=""><br> Museum, includes traditional and innovative patterns and amazing stitch work. Watch the first trailer for The Alan Partridge Movie, which has been codenamed Alpha <b>Papa</b> The play by Jesse Eisenberg, starring Vanessa Redgrave, is one of the hottest Off Broadway tickets. The University <b>of</b> Alabama has <b>barred</b> three football players from campus after their arrest on robbery charges.<br> Do you think the practice of having children pose for photographs next to dangerous animals is irresponsible?&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; SAN DIEGO <b>--</b> When a major Mexican drug cartel opened a branch office here on the California <b>side</b> of the border, U.S.<br> authorities tapped into <b>their</b> cellphones - then <b>listened,</b> watched and

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